文件元信息(Object Meta)包括HTTP header和自定义元信息,详情请参见开发指南中的文件元信息

在OSS中上传文件后或者读取文件前,您可以通过oss_get_object_meta接口获取文件的一些元信息,比如长度,文件类型等。 以下代码用于设置和获取文件元信息:

#include "oss_api.h"
#include "aos_http_io.h"
const char *endpoint = "<yourEndpoint>";
const char *access_key_id = "<yourAccessKeyId>";
const char *access_key_secret = "<yourAccessKeySecret>";
const char *bucket_name = "<yourBucketName>";
const char *object_name = "<yourObjectName>";
void init_options(oss_request_options_t *options)
{
    options->config = oss_config_create(options->pool);
    /* 用char*类型的字符串初始化aos_string_t类型。*/
    aos_str_set(&options->config->endpoint, endpoint);
    aos_str_set(&options->config->access_key_id, access_key_id);
    aos_str_set(&options->config->access_key_secret, access_key_secret);
    /* 是否使用了CNAME。0表示不使用。*/
    options->config->is_cname = 0;
    /* 用于设置网络相关参数,比如超时时间等。*/
    options->ctl = aos_http_controller_create(options->pool, 0);
}
int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
    /* 在程序入口调用aos_http_io_initialize方法来初始化网络、内存等全局资源。*/
    if (aos_http_io_initialize(NULL, 0) != AOSE_OK) {
        exit(1);
    }
    /* 用于内存管理的内存池(pool),等价于apr_pool_t。其实现代码在apr库中。*/
    aos_pool_t *pool;
    /* 重新创建一个内存池,第二个参数是NULL,表示没有继承其它内存池。*/
    aos_pool_create(&pool, NULL);
    /* 创建并初始化options,该参数包括endpoint、access_key_id、acces_key_secret、is_cname、curl等全局配置信息。*/
    oss_request_options_t *oss_client_options;
    /* 在内存池中分配内存给options。*/
    oss_client_options = oss_request_options_create(pool);
    /* 初始化Client的选项oss_client_options。*/
    init_options(oss_client_options);
    /* 初始化参数。*/
    aos_string_t bucket;
    aos_string_t object;
    aos_table_t *headers;
    aos_list_t buffer;
    aos_table_t *resp_headers = NULL; 
    aos_status_t *resp_status = NULL; 
    aos_buf_t *content = NULL;
    char *content_length_str = NULL;
    char *object_type = NULL;
    char *object_author = NULL;
    int64_t content_length = 0;
    aos_str_set(&bucket, bucket_name);
    aos_str_set(&object, object_name);
    headers = aos_table_make(pool, 2);
    /* 设置用户自定义元信息。*/
    apr_table_set(headers, "Expires", "Fri, 28 Feb 2032 05:38:42 GMT"); 
    apr_table_set(headers, "x-oss-meta-author", "oss");
    aos_list_init(&buffer);
    content = aos_buf_pack(oss_client_options->pool, object_content, strlen(object_content));
    aos_list_add_tail(&content->node, &buffer);
    /* 设置文件权限,从缓存上传文件。*/
    resp_status = oss_put_object_from_buffer(oss_client_options, &bucket, &object, 
               &buffer, headers, &resp_headers);
    if (aos_status_is_ok(resp_status)) {
        printf("put object from buffer with md5 succeeded\n");
    } else {
        printf("put object from buffer with md5 failed\n");
    }
    /* 获取文件权限。*/
    resp_status = oss_get_object_meta(oss_client_options, &bucket, &object, &resp_headers);
    if (aos_status_is_ok(resp_status)) {
        content_length_str = (char*)apr_table_get(resp_headers, OSS_CONTENT_LENGTH);
        if (content_length_str != NULL) {
            content_length = atol(content_length_str);
        }
        object_author = (char*)apr_table_get(resp_headers, OSS_AUTHORIZATION);
        object_type = (char*)apr_table_get(resp_headers, OSS_OBJECT_TYPE);
        printf("get object meta succeeded, object author:%s, object type:%s, content_length:%ld\n", object_author, object_type, content_length);
    } else {
        printf("req:%s, get object meta failed\n", resp_status->req_id);
    }
    /* 释放内存池,相当于释放了请求过程中各资源分配的内存。*/
    aos_pool_destroy(pool);
    /* 释放之前分配的全局资源。*/
    aos_http_io_deinitialize();
    return 0;
}
说明 HTTP header详情请参见RFC2616