GROK是一种采用组合多个预定义的正则表达式,用来匹配分割文本并映射到关键字的工具。通常用来对日志数据进行处理。本文档主要介绍GROK的模式说明以及常用语法。

GROK模式及说明如下表所示。

类型 模式(pattern) 说明
常见模式 CHINAID 匹配中国居民身份证号。
USERNAME 匹配字母、数字和._-组合。
USER 匹配字母、数字和._-组合。
EMAILLOCALPART 匹配邮箱从开头到@字符前内容,如123456@alibaba.com,匹配内容为123456。
EMAILADDRESS 匹配邮箱。
HTTPDUSER 匹配邮箱或者用户名。
INT 匹配INT数字。
BASE10NUM 匹配十进制数。
NUMBER 匹配数字。
BASE16NUM 匹配十六进制数。
BASE16FLOAT 匹配十六进制浮点数。
POSINT 匹配正整数。
NONNEGINT 匹配非负整数。
WORD 匹配字母或一句话。
NOTSPACE 匹配非空格内容。
SPACE 匹配空格。
DATA 匹配换行符。
GREEDYDATA 匹配0个或多个除换行符。
QUOTEDSTRING 匹配引用内容如:I am "Iron Man",会匹配Iron Man内容。
UUID 匹配UUID。
Networking MAC 匹配MAC地址。
CISCOMAC 匹配CISCOMAC地址。
WINDOWSMAC 匹配WINDOWSMAC地址。
COMMONMAC 匹配COMMONMAC地址。
IPV6 匹配IPV6。
IPV4 匹配IPV4。
IP 匹配IPV6或IPV4。
HOSTNAME 匹配HOSTNAME。
IPORHOST 匹配IP或HOSTNAME。
HOSTPORT 匹配IPORHOST或者POSTINT。
Paths PATH 匹配UNIXPATH或者WINPATH。
UNIXPATH 匹配UNIXPATH。
WINPATH 匹配WINPATH。
URIPROTO 匹配URI中的头部分,如http://hostname.domain.tld/_astats?application=&inf.name=eth0会匹配到http
TTY 匹配TTY路径。
URIHOST 匹配IPORHOST和POSINT。还是以http://hostname.domain.tld/_astats?application=&inf.name=eth0为例,会匹配到hostname.domain.tld
URI 匹配内容中的URI。
日期 MONTH 匹配数字或者月份英文缩写或者全拼等格式月份。
MONTHNUM 匹配数字格式月份。
MONTHDAY 匹配月份中的day。
DAY 匹配星期的英文全拼或者缩写。
YEAR 匹配年份。
时间 HOUR 匹配小时。
MINUTE 匹配分钟。
SECOND 匹配秒。
TIME 匹配完整的时间。
DATE_US 匹配MonthDay-Year链接符,也可以是/组合形式的日期。
DATE_EU 匹配MonthDay-Year链接符,也可以是/或者.组合形式的日期。
ISO8601_TIMEZONE 匹配ISO8601格式的Hour和Minute。
ISO8601_SECOND 匹配ISO8601格式的Second。
TIMESTAMP_ISO8601 匹配ISO8601格式的Time。
DATE 匹配US或EU格式的时间。
DATESTAMP 匹配完整日期和时间。
TZ 匹配UTC。
DATESTAMP_RFC822 匹配RFC822格式时间。
DATESTAMP_RFC2822 匹配RFC2822格式时间。
DATESTAMP_OTHER 匹配其他格式时间。
DATESTAMP_EVENTLOG 匹配EVENTLOG格式时间。
HTTPDERROR_DATE 匹配HTTPDERROR格式时间。
SYSLOG SYSLOGTIMESTAMP 匹配Syslog格式时间。
PROG 匹配program内容。
SYSLOGPROG 匹配program和pid内容。
SYSLOGHOST 匹配IPORHOST。
SYSLOGFACILITY 匹配facility。
HTTPDATE 匹配日期时间。
LOGFORMATL LOGFORMAT 匹配Syslog,默认TraditionalFormat格式的Syslog日志。
COMMONAPACHELOG 匹配commonApache日志。
COMBINEDAPACHELOG 匹配组合Apache日志。
HTTPD20_ERRORLOG 匹配HTTPD20日志。
HTTPD24_ERRORLOG 匹配HTTPD24日志。
HTTPD_ERRORLOG 匹配HTTPD日志。
LOGLEVELS LOGLEVELS 匹配Log的Level。例如warn,debug等。

基本语法示例

CHINAID [1-9]\d{5})((18|19|([23]\d))\d{2}((0[1-9])|(10|11|12))(([0-2][1-9])|10|20|30|31)\d{3}[0-9Xx]$)|(^[1-9]\d{5}\d{2}((0[1-9])|(10|11|12))(([0-2][1-9])|10|20|30|31)\d{3}
USERNAME [a-zA-Z0-9._-]+
USER %{USERNAME}
EMAILLOCALPART [a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_.+-=:]+
EMAILADDRESS %{EMAILLOCALPART}@%{HOSTNAME}
HTTPDUSER %{EMAILADDRESS}|%{USER}
INT (?:[+-]?(?:[0-9]+))
BASE10NUM (?<![0-9.+-])(?>[+-]?(?:(?:[0-9]+(?:\.[0-9]+)?)|(?:\.[0-9]+)))
NUMBER (?:%{BASE10NUM})
BASE16NUM (?<![0-9A-Fa-f])(?:[+-]?(?:0x)?(?:[0-9A-Fa-f]+))
BASE16FLOAT \b(?<![0-9A-Fa-f.])(?:[+-]?(?:0x)?(?:(?:[0-9A-Fa-f]+(?:\.[0-9A-Fa-f]*)?)|(?:\.[0-9A-Fa-f]+)))\b

POSINT \b(?:[1-9][0-9]*)\b
NONNEGINT \b(?:[0-9]+)\b
WORD \b\w+\b
NOTSPACE \S+
SPACE \s*
DATA .*?
GREEDYDATA .*
QUOTEDSTRING (?>(?<!\\)(?>"(?>\\.|[^\\"]+)+"|""|(?>'(?>\\.|[^\\']+)+')|''|(?>`(?>\\.|[^\\`]+)+`)|``))
UUID [A-Fa-f0-9]{8}-(?:[A-Fa-f0-9]{4}-){3}[A-Fa-f0-9]{12}

"""Networking"""
MAC (?:%{CISCOMAC}|%{WINDOWSMAC}|%{COMMONMAC})
CISCOMAC (?:(?:[A-Fa-f0-9]{4}\.){2}[A-Fa-f0-9]{4})
WINDOWSMAC (?:(?:[A-Fa-f0-9]{2}-){5}[A-Fa-f0-9]{2})
COMMONMAC (?:(?:[A-Fa-f0-9]{2}:){5}[A-Fa-f0-9]{2})
IPV6 ((([0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}:){7}([0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}|:))|(([0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}:){6}(:[0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}|((25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|[1-9]?\d)(\.(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|[1-9]?\d)){3})|:))|(([0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}:){5}(((:[0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}){1,2})|:((25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|[1-9]?\d)(\.(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|[1-9]?\d)){3})|:))|(([0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}:){4}(((:[0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}){1,3})|((:[0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4})?:((25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|[1-9]?\d)(\.(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|[1-9]?\d)){3}))|:))|(([0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}:){3}(((:[0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}){1,4})|((:[0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}){0,2}:((25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|[1-9]?\d)(\.(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|[1-9]?\d)){3}))|:))|(([0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}:){2}(((:[0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}){1,5})|((:[0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}){0,3}:((25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|[1-9]?\d)(\.(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|[1-9]?\d)){3}))|:))|(([0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}:){1}(((:[0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}){1,6})|((:[0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}){0,4}:((25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|[1-9]?\d)(\.(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|[1-9]?\d)){3}))|:))|(:(((:[0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}){1,7})|((:[0-9A-Fa-f]{1,4}){0,5}:((25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|[1-9]?\d)(\.(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|[1-9]?\d)){3}))|:)))(%.+)?
IPV4 (?<![0-9])(?:(?:[0-1]?[0-9]{1,2}|2[0-4][0-9]|25[0-5])[.](?:[0-1]?[0-9]{1,2}|2[0-4][0-9]|25[0-5])[.](?:[0-1]?[0-9]{1,2}|2[0-4][0-9]|25[0-5])[.](?:[0-1]?[0-9]{1,2}|2[0-4][0-9]|25[0-5]))(?![0-9])
IP (?:%{IPV6}|%{IPV4})
HOSTNAME \b(?:[0-9A-Za-z][0-9A-Za-z-]{0,62})(?:\.(?:[0-9A-Za-z][0-9A-Za-z-]{0,62}))*(\.?|\b)
IPORHOST (?:%{IP}|%{HOSTNAME})
HOSTPORT %{IPORHOST}:%{POSINT}

"""paths"""
PATH (?:%{UNIXPATH}|%{WINPATH})
UNIXPATH (/([\w_%!$@:.,~-]+|\\.)*)+
TTY (?:/dev/(pts|tty([pq])?)(\w+)?/?(?:[0-9]+))
WINPATH (?>[A-Za-z]+:|\\)(?:\\[^\\?*]*)+
URIPROTO [A-Za-z]+(\+[A-Za-z+]+)?
URIHOST %{IPORHOST}(?::%{POSINT:port})?
"""uripath comes loosely from RFC1738, but mostly from what Firefox"""
"""doesn't turn into %XX"""
URIPATH (?:/[A-Za-z0-9$.+!*'(){},~:;=@#%_\-]*)+
"""URIPARAM \?(?:[A-Za-z0-9]+(?:=(?:[^&]*))?(?:&(?:[A-Za-z0-9]+(?:=(?:[^&]*))?)?)*)?"""
URIPARAM \?[A-Za-z0-9$.+!*'|(){},~@#%&/=:;_?\-\[\]<>]*
URIPATHPARAM %{URIPATH}(?:%{URIPARAM})?
URI %{URIPROTO}://(?:%{USER}(?::[^@]*)?@)?(?:%{URIHOST})?(?:%{URIPATHPARAM})?

""" Months: January, Feb, 3, 03, 12, December"""
MONTH \b(?:Jan(?:uary|uar)?|Feb(?:ruary|ruar)?|M(?:a|ä)?r(?:ch|z)?|Apr(?:il)?|Ma(?:y|i)?|Jun(?:e|i)?|Jul(?:y)?|Aug(?:ust)?|Sep(?:tember)?|O(?:c|k)?t(?:ober)?|Nov(?:ember)?|De(?:c|z)(?:ember)?)\b
MONTHNUM (?:0?[1-9]|1[0-2])
MONTHNUM2 (?:0[1-9]|1[0-2])
MONTHDAY (?:(?:0[1-9])|(?:[12][0-9])|(?:3[01])|[1-9])

"""Days: Monday, Tue, Thu, etc..."""
DAY (?:Mon(?:day)?|Tue(?:sday)?|Wed(?:nesday)?|Thu(?:rsday)?|Fri(?:day)?|Sat(?:urday)?|Sun(?:day)?)

""" Years?"""
YEAR (?>\d\d){1,2}
HOUR (?:2[0123]|[01]?[0-9])
MINUTE (?:[0-5][0-9])
"""'60' is a leap second in most time standards and thus is valid."""
SECOND (?:(?:[0-5]?[0-9]|60)(?:[:.,][0-9]+)?)
TIME (?!<[0-9])%{HOUR}:%{MINUTE}(?::%{SECOND})(?![0-9])
"""datestamp is YYYY/MM/DD-HH:MM:SS.UUUU (or something like it)"""
DATE_US %{MONTHNUM}[/-]%{MONTHDAY}[/-]%{YEAR}
DATE_EU %{MONTHDAY}[./-]%{MONTHNUM}[./-]%{YEAR}
ISO8601_TIMEZONE (?:Z|[+-]%{HOUR}(?::?%{MINUTE}))
ISO8601_SECOND (?:%{SECOND}|60)
TIMESTAMP_ISO8601 %{YEAR}-%{MONTHNUM}-%{MONTHDAY}[T ]%{HOUR}:?%{MINUTE}(?::?%{SECOND})?%{ISO8601_TIMEZONE}?
DATE %{DATE_US}|%{DATE_EU}
DATESTAMP %{DATE}[- ]%{TIME}
TZ (?:[PMCE][SD]T|UTC)
DATESTAMP_RFC822 %{DAY} %{MONTH} %{MONTHDAY} %{YEAR} %{TIME} %{TZ}
DATESTAMP_RFC2822 %{DAY}, %{MONTHDAY} %{MONTH} %{YEAR} %{TIME} %{ISO8601_TIMEZONE}
DATESTAMP_OTHER %{DAY} %{MONTH} %{MONTHDAY} %{TIME} %{TZ} %{YEAR}
DATESTAMP_EVENTLOG %{YEAR}%{MONTHNUM2}%{MONTHDAY}%{HOUR}%{MINUTE}%{SECOND}
HTTPDERROR_DATE %{DAY} %{MONTH} %{MONTHDAY} %{TIME} %{YEAR}

"""Syslog Dates: Month Day HH:MM:SS"""
SYSLOGTIMESTAMP %{MONTH} +%{MONTHDAY} %{TIME}
PROG [\x21-\x5a\x5c\x5e-\x7e]+
SYSLOGPROG %{PROG:program}(?:\[%{POSINT:pid}\])?
SYSLOGHOST %{IPORHOST}
SYSLOGFACILITY <%{NONNEGINT:facility}.%{NONNEGINT:priority}>
HTTPDATE %{MONTHDAY}/%{MONTH}/%{YEAR}:%{TIME} %{INT}

"""Shortcuts"""
QS %{QUOTEDSTRING}

"""Log formats"""
SYSLOGBASE %{SYSLOGTIMESTAMP:timestamp} (?:%{SYSLOGFACILITY} )?%{SYSLOGHOST:logsource} %{SYSLOGPROG}:
COMMONAPACHELOG %{IPORHOST:clientip} %{HTTPDUSER:ident} %{USER:auth} \[%{HTTPDATE:timestamp}\] "(?:%{WORD:verb} %{NOTSPACE:request}(?: HTTP/%{NUMBER:httpversion})?|%{DATA:rawrequest})" %{NUMBER:response} (?:%{NUMBER:bytes}|-)
COMBINEDAPACHELOG %{COMMONAPACHELOG} %{QS:referrer} %{QS:agent}
HTTPD20_ERRORLOG \[%{HTTPDERROR_DATE:timestamp}\] \[%{LOGLEVEL:loglevel}\] (?:\[client %{IPORHOST:clientip}\] ){0,1}%{GREEDYDATA:errormsg}
HTTPD24_ERRORLOG \[%{HTTPDERROR_DATE:timestamp}\] \[%{WORD:module}:%{LOGLEVEL:loglevel}\] \[pid %{POSINT:pid}:tid %{NUMBER:tid}\]( \(%{POSINT:proxy_errorcode}\)%{DATA:proxy_errormessage}:)?( \[client %{IPORHOST:client}:%{POSINT:clientport}\])? %{DATA:errorcode}: %{GREEDYDATA:message}
HTTPD_ERRORLOG %{HTTPD20_ERRORLOG}|%{HTTPD24_ERRORLOG}

"""Log Levels"""
LOGLEVEL ([Aa]lert|ALERT|[Tt]race|TRACE|[Dd]ebug|DEBUG|[Nn]otice|NOTICE|[Ii]nfo|INFO|[Ww]arn?(?:ing)?|WARN?(?:ING)?|[Ee]rr?(?:or)?|ERR?(?:OR)?|[Cc]rit?(?:ical)?|CRIT?(?:ICAL)?|[Ff]atal|FATAL|[Ss]evere|SEVERE|EMERG(?:ENCY)?|[Ee]merg(?:ency)?)

aws示例

S3_REQUEST_LINE (?:%{WORD:verb} %{NOTSPACE:request}(?: HTTP/%{NUMBER:httpversion})?|%{DATA:rawrequest})

S3_ACCESS_LOG %{WORD:owner} %{NOTSPACE:bucket} \[%{HTTPDATE:timestamp}\] %{IP:clientip} %{NOTSPACE:requester} %{NOTSPACE:request_id} %{NOTSPACE:operation} %{NOTSPACE:key} (?:"%{S3_REQUEST_LINE}"|-) (?:%{INT:response:int}|-) (?:-|%{NOTSPACE:error_code}) (?:%{INT:bytes:int}|-) (?:%{INT:object_size:int}|-) (?:%{INT:request_time_ms:int}|-) (?:%{INT:turnaround_time_ms:int}|-) (?:%{QS:referrer}|-) (?:"?%{QS:agent}"?|-) (?:-|%{NOTSPACE:version_id})

ELB_URIPATHPARAM %{URIPATH:path}(?:%{URIPARAM:params})?

ELB_URI %{URIPROTO:proto}://(?:%{USER}(?::[^@]*)?@)?(?:%{URIHOST:urihost})?(?:%{ELB_URIPATHPARAM})?

ELB_REQUEST_LINE (?:%{WORD:verb} %{ELB_URI:request}(?: HTTP/%{NUMBER:httpversion})?|%{DATA:rawrequest})

ELB_ACCESS_LOG %{TIMESTAMP_ISO8601:timestamp} %{NOTSPACE:elb} %{IP:clientip}:%{INT:clientport:int} (?:(%{IP:backendip}:?:%{INT:backendport:int})|-) %{NUMBER:request_processing_time:float} %{NUMBER:backend_processing_time:float} %{NUMBER:response_processing_time:float} %{INT:response:int} %{INT:backend_response:int} %{INT:received_bytes:int} %{INT:bytes:int} "%{ELB_REQUEST_LINE}"

bacula示例

BACULA_TIMESTAMP %{MONTHDAY}-%{MONTH} %{HOUR}:%{MINUTE}
BACULA_HOST [a-zA-Z0-9-]+
BACULA_VOLUME %{USER}
BACULA_DEVICE %{USER}
BACULA_DEVICEPATH %{UNIXPATH}
BACULA_CAPACITY %{INT}{1,3}(,%{INT}{3})*
BACULA_VERSION %{USER}
BACULA_JOB %{USER}

BACULA_LOG_MAX_CAPACITY User defined maximum volume capacity %{BACULA_CAPACITY} exceeded on device \"%{BACULA_DEVICE:device}\" \(%{BACULA_DEVICEPATH}\)
BACULA_LOG_END_VOLUME End of medium on Volume \"%{BACULA_VOLUME:volume}\" Bytes=%{BACULA_CAPACITY} Blocks=%{BACULA_CAPACITY} at %{MONTHDAY}-%{MONTH}-%{YEAR} %{HOUR}:%{MINUTE}.
BACULA_LOG_NEW_VOLUME Created new Volume \"%{BACULA_VOLUME:volume}\" in catalog.
BACULA_LOG_NEW_LABEL Labeled new Volume \"%{BACULA_VOLUME:volume}\" on device \"%{BACULA_DEVICE:device}\" \(%{BACULA_DEVICEPATH}\).
BACULA_LOG_WROTE_LABEL Wrote label to prelabeled Volume \"%{BACULA_VOLUME:volume}\" on device \"%{BACULA_DEVICE}\" \(%{BACULA_DEVICEPATH}\)
BACULA_LOG_NEW_MOUNT New volume \"%{BACULA_VOLUME:volume}\" mounted on device \"%{BACULA_DEVICE:device}\" \(%{BACULA_DEVICEPATH}\) at %{MONTHDAY}-%{MONTH}-%{YEAR} %{HOUR}:%{MINUTE}.
BACULA_LOG_NOOPEN \s+Cannot open %{DATA}: ERR=%{GREEDYDATA:berror}
BACULA_LOG_NOOPENDIR \s+Could not open directory %{DATA}: ERR=%{GREEDYDATA:berror}
BACULA_LOG_NOSTAT \s+Could not stat %{DATA}: ERR=%{GREEDYDATA:berror}
BACULA_LOG_NOJOBS There are no more Jobs associated with Volume \"%{BACULA_VOLUME:volume}\". Marking it purged.
BACULA_LOG_ALL_RECORDS_PRUNED All records pruned from Volume \"%{BACULA_VOLUME:volume}\"; marking it \"Purged\"
BACULA_LOG_BEGIN_PRUNE_JOBS Begin pruning Jobs older than %{INT} month %{INT} days .
BACULA_LOG_BEGIN_PRUNE_FILES Begin pruning Files.
BACULA_LOG_PRUNED_JOBS Pruned %{INT} Jobs* for client %{BACULA_HOST:client} from catalog.
BACULA_LOG_PRUNED_FILES Pruned Files from %{INT} Jobs* for client %{BACULA_HOST:client} from catalog.
BACULA_LOG_ENDPRUNE End auto prune.
BACULA_LOG_STARTJOB Start Backup JobId %{INT}, Job=%{BACULA_JOB:job}
BACULA_LOG_STARTRESTORE Start Restore Job %{BACULA_JOB:job}
BACULA_LOG_USEDEVICE Using Device \"%{BACULA_DEVICE:device}\"
BACULA_LOG_DIFF_FS \s+%{UNIXPATH} is a different filesystem. Will not descend from %{UNIXPATH} into it.
BACULA_LOG_JOBEND Job write elapsed time = %{DATA:elapsed}, Transfer rate = %{NUMBER} (K|M|G)? Bytes/second
BACULA_LOG_NOPRUNE_JOBS No Jobs found to prune.
BACULA_LOG_NOPRUNE_FILES No Files found to prune.
BACULA_LOG_VOLUME_PREVWRITTEN Volume \"%{BACULA_VOLUME:volume}\" previously written, moving to end of data.
BACULA_LOG_READYAPPEND Ready to append to end of Volume \"%{BACULA_VOLUME:volume}\" size=%{INT}
BACULA_LOG_CANCELLING Cancelling duplicate JobId=%{INT}.
BACULA_LOG_MARKCANCEL JobId %{INT}, Job %{BACULA_JOB:job} marked to be canceled.
BACULA_LOG_CLIENT_RBJ shell command: run ClientRunBeforeJob \"%{GREEDYDATA:runjob}\"
BACULA_LOG_VSS (Generate )?VSS (Writer)?
BACULA_LOG_MAXSTART Fatal error: Job canceled because max start delay time exceeded.
BACULA_LOG_DUPLICATE Fatal error: JobId %{INT:duplicate} already running. Duplicate job not allowed.
BACULA_LOG_NOJOBSTAT Fatal error: No Job status returned from FD.
BACULA_LOG_FATAL_CONN Fatal error: bsock.c:133 Unable to connect to (Client: %{BACULA_HOST:client}|Storage daemon) on %{HOSTNAME}:%{POSINT}. ERR=(?<berror>%{GREEDYDATA})
BACULA_LOG_NO_CONNECT Warning: bsock.c:127 Could not connect to (Client: %{BACULA_HOST:client}|Storage daemon) on %{HOSTNAME}:%{POSINT}. ERR=(?<berror>%{GREEDYDATA})
BACULA_LOG_NO_AUTH Fatal error: Unable to authenticate with File daemon at %{HOSTNAME}. Possible causes:
BACULA_LOG_NOSUIT No prior or suitable Full backup found in catalog. Doing FULL backup.
BACULA_LOG_NOPRIOR No prior Full backup Job record found.

BACULA_LOG_JOB (Error: )?Bacula %{BACULA_HOST} %{BACULA_VERSION} \(%{BACULA_VERSION}\):

BACULA_LOGLINE %{BACULA_TIMESTAMP:bts} %{BACULA_HOST:hostname} JobId %{INT:jobid}: (%{BACULA_LOG_MAX_CAPACITY}|%{BACULA_LOG_END_VOLUME}|%{BACULA_LOG_NEW_VOLUME}|%{BACULA_LOG_NEW_LABEL}|%{BACULA_LOG_WROTE_LABEL}|%{BACULA_LOG_NEW_MOUNT}|%{BACULA_LOG_NOOPEN}|%{BACULA_LOG_NOOPENDIR}|%{BACULA_LOG_NOSTAT}|%{BACULA_LOG_NOJOBS}|%{BACULA_LOG_ALL_RECORDS_PRUNED}|%{BACULA_LOG_BEGIN_PRUNE_JOBS}|%{BACULA_LOG_BEGIN_PRUNE_FILES}|%{BACULA_LOG_PRUNED_JOBS}|%{BACULA_LOG_PRUNED_FILES}|%{BACULA_LOG_ENDPRUNE}|%{BACULA_LOG_STARTJOB}|%{BACULA_LOG_STARTRESTORE}|%{BACULA_LOG_USEDEVICE}|%{BACULA_LOG_DIFF_FS}|%{BACULA_LOG_JOBEND}|%{BACULA_LOG_NOPRUNE_JOBS}|%{BACULA_LOG_NOPRUNE_FILES}|%{BACULA_LOG_VOLUME_PREVWRITTEN}|%{BACULA_LOG_READYAPPEND}|%{BACULA_LOG_CANCELLING}|%{BACULA_LOG_MARKCANCEL}|%{BACULA_LOG_CLIENT_RBJ}|%{BACULA_LOG_VSS}|%{BACULA_LOG_MAXSTART}|%{BACULA_LOG_DUPLICATE}|%{BACULA_LOG_NOJOBSTAT}|%{BACULA_LOG_FATAL_CONN}|%{BACULA_LOG_NO_CONNECT}|%{BACULA_LOG_NO_AUTH}|%{BACULA_LOG_NOSUIT}|%{BACULA_LOG_JOB}|%{BACULA_LOG_NOPRIOR})

bro示例

"""https://www.bro.org/sphinx/script-reference/log-files.html"""

"""http.log"""
BRO_HTTP %{NUMBER:ts}\t%{NOTSPACE:uid}\t%{IP:orig_h}\t%{INT:orig_p}\t%{IP:resp_h}\t%{INT:resp_p}\t%{INT:trans_depth}\t%{GREEDYDATA:method}\t%{GREEDYDATA:domain}\t%{GREEDYDATA:uri}\t%{GREEDYDATA:referrer}\t%{GREEDYDATA:user_agent}\t%{NUMBER:request_body_len}\t%{NUMBER:response_body_len}\t%{GREEDYDATA:status_code}\t%{GREEDYDATA:status_msg}\t%{GREEDYDATA:info_code}\t%{GREEDYDATA:info_msg}\t%{GREEDYDATA:filename}\t%{GREEDYDATA:bro_tags}\t%{GREEDYDATA:username}\t%{GREEDYDATA:password}\t%{GREEDYDATA:proxied}\t%{GREEDYDATA:orig_fuids}\t%{GREEDYDATA:orig_mime_types}\t%{GREEDYDATA:resp_fuids}\t%{GREEDYDATA:resp_mime_types}

"""dns.log"""
BRO_DNS %{NUMBER:ts}\t%{NOTSPACE:uid}\t%{IP:orig_h}\t%{INT:orig_p}\t%{IP:resp_h}\t%{INT:resp_p}\t%{WORD:proto}\t%{INT:trans_id}\t%{GREEDYDATA:query}\t%{GREEDYDATA:qclass}\t%{GREEDYDATA:qclass_name}\t%{GREEDYDATA:qtype}\t%{GREEDYDATA:qtype_name}\t%{GREEDYDATA:rcode}\t%{GREEDYDATA:rcode_name}\t%{GREEDYDATA:AA}\t%{GREEDYDATA:TC}\t%{GREEDYDATA:RD}\t%{GREEDYDATA:RA}\t%{GREEDYDATA:Z}\t%{GREEDYDATA:answers}\t%{GREEDYDATA:TTLs}\t%{GREEDYDATA:rejected}

"""conn.log"""
BRO_CONN %{NUMBER:ts}\t%{NOTSPACE:uid}\t%{IP:orig_h}\t%{INT:orig_p}\t%{IP:resp_h}\t%{INT:resp_p}\t%{WORD:proto}\t%{GREEDYDATA:service}\t%{NUMBER:duration}\t%{NUMBER:orig_bytes}\t%{NUMBER:resp_bytes}\t%{GREEDYDATA:conn_state}\t%{GREEDYDATA:local_orig}\t%{GREEDYDATA:missed_bytes}\t%{GREEDYDATA:history}\t%{GREEDYDATA:orig_pkts}\t%{GREEDYDATA:orig_ip_bytes}\t%{GREEDYDATA:resp_pkts}\t%{GREEDYDATA:resp_ip_bytes}\t%{GREEDYDATA:tunnel_parents}

"""files.log"""
BRO_FILES %{NUMBER:ts}\t%{NOTSPACE:fuid}\t%{IP:tx_hosts}\t%{IP:rx_hosts}\t%{NOTSPACE:conn_uids}\t%{GREEDYDATA:source}\t%{GREEDYDATA:depth}\t%{GREEDYDATA:analyzers}\t%{GREEDYDATA:mime_type}\t%{GREEDYDATA:filename}\t%{GREEDYDATA:duration}\t%{GREEDYDATA:local_orig}\t%{GREEDYDATA:is_orig}\t%{GREEDYDATA:seen_bytes}\t%{GREEDYDATA:total_bytes}\t%{GREEDYDATA:missing_bytes}\t%{GREEDYDATA:overflow_bytes}\t%{GREEDYDATA:timedout}\t%{GREEDYDATA:parent_fuid}\t%{GREEDYDATA:md5}\t%{GREEDYDATA:sha1}\t%{GREEDYDATA:sha256}\t%{GREEDYDATA:extracted}

exim示例

EXIM_MSGID [0-9A-Za-z]{6}-[0-9A-Za-z]{6}-[0-9A-Za-z]{2}
EXIM_FLAGS (<=|[-=>*]>|[*]{2}|==)
EXIM_DATE %{YEAR:exim_year}-%{MONTHNUM:exim_month}-%{MONTHDAY:exim_day} %{TIME:exim_time}
EXIM_PID \[%{POSINT}\]
EXIM_QT ((\d+y)?(\d+w)?(\d+d)?(\d+h)?(\d+m)?(\d+s)?)
EXIM_EXCLUDE_TERMS (Message is frozen|(Start|End) queue run| Warning: | retry time not reached | no (IP address|host name) found for (IP address|host) | unexpected disconnection while reading SMTP command | no immediate delivery: |another process is handling this message)
EXIM_REMOTE_HOST (H=(%{NOTSPACE:remote_hostname} )?(\(%{NOTSPACE:remote_heloname}\) )?\[%{IP:remote_host}\])
EXIM_INTERFACE (I=\[%{IP:exim_interface}\](:%{NUMBER:exim_interface_port}))
EXIM_PROTOCOL (P=%{NOTSPACE:protocol})
EXIM_MSG_SIZE (S=%{NUMBER:exim_msg_size})
EXIM_HEADER_ID (id=%{NOTSPACE:exim_header_id})
EXIM_SUBJECT (T=%{QS:exim_subject})

firewalls示例

""" NetScreen firewall logs"""
NETSCREENSESSIONLOG %{SYSLOGTIMESTAMP:date} %{IPORHOST:device} %{IPORHOST}: NetScreen device_id=%{WORD:device_id}%{DATA}: start_time=%{QUOTEDSTRING:start_time} duration=%{INT:duration} policy_id=%{INT:policy_id} service=%{DATA:service} proto=%{INT:proto} src zone=%{WORD:src_zone} dst zone=%{WORD:dst_zone} action=%{WORD:action} sent=%{INT:sent} rcvd=%{INT:rcvd} src=%{IPORHOST:src_ip} dst=%{IPORHOST:dst_ip} src_port=%{INT:src_port} dst_port=%{INT:dst_port} src-xlated ip=%{IPORHOST:src_xlated_ip} port=%{INT:src_xlated_port} dst-xlated ip=%{IPORHOST:dst_xlated_ip} port=%{INT:dst_xlated_port} session_id=%{INT:session_id} reason=%{GREEDYDATA:reason}

"""== Cisco ASA =="""
CISCO_TAGGED_SYSLOG ^<%{POSINT:syslog_pri}>%{CISCOTIMESTAMP:timestamp}( %{SYSLOGHOST:sysloghost})? ?: %%{CISCOTAG:ciscotag}:
CISCOTIMESTAMP %{MONTH} +%{MONTHDAY}(?: %{YEAR})? %{TIME}
CISCOTAG [A-Z0-9]+-%{INT}-(?:[A-Z0-9_]+)
"""Common Particles"""
CISCO_ACTION Built|Teardown|Deny|Denied|denied|requested|permitted|denied by ACL|discarded|est-allowed|Dropping|created|deleted
CISCO_REASON Duplicate TCP SYN|Failed to locate egress interface|Invalid transport field|No matching connection|DNS Response|DNS Query|(?:%{WORD}\s*)*
CISCO_DIRECTION Inbound|inbound|Outbound|outbound
CISCO_INTERVAL first hit|%{INT}-second interval
CISCO_XLATE_TYPE static|dynamic
"""ASA-1-104001"""
CISCOFW104001 \((?:Primary|Secondary)\) Switching to ACTIVE - %{GREEDYDATA:switch_reason}
"""ASA-1-104002"""
CISCOFW104002 \((?:Primary|Secondary)\) Switching to STANDBY - %{GREEDYDATA:switch_reason}
"""ASA-1-104003"""
CISCOFW104003 \((?:Primary|Secondary)\) Switching to FAILED\.
"""ASA-1-104004"""
CISCOFW104004 \((?:Primary|Secondary)\) Switching to OK\.
"""ASA-1-105003"""
CISCOFW105003 \((?:Primary|Secondary)\) Monitoring on [Ii]nterface %{GREEDYDATA:interface_name} waiting
"""ASA-1-105004"""
CISCOFW105004 \((?:Primary|Secondary)\) Monitoring on [Ii]nterface %{GREEDYDATA:interface_name} normal
"""ASA-1-105005"""
CISCOFW105005 \((?:Primary|Secondary)\) Lost Failover communications with mate on [Ii]nterface %{GREEDYDATA:interface_name}
"""ASA-1-105008"""
CISCOFW105008 \((?:Primary|Secondary)\) Testing [Ii]nterface %{GREEDYDATA:interface_name}
"""ASA-1-105009"""
CISCOFW105009 \((?:Primary|Secondary)\) Testing on [Ii]nterface %{GREEDYDATA:interface_name} (?:Passed|Failed)
"""ASA-2-106001"""
CISCOFW106001 %{CISCO_DIRECTION:direction} %{WORD:protocol} connection %{CISCO_ACTION:action} from %{IP:src_ip}/%{INT:src_port} to %{IP:dst_ip}/%{INT:dst_port} flags %{GREEDYDATA:tcp_flags} on interface %{GREEDYDATA:interface}
"""ASA-2-106006, ASA-2-106007, ASA-2-106010"""
CISCOFW106006_106007_106010 %{CISCO_ACTION:action} %{CISCO_DIRECTION:direction} %{WORD:protocol} (?:from|src) %{IP:src_ip}/%{INT:src_port}(\(%{DATA:src_fwuser}\))? (?:to|dst) %{IP:dst_ip}/%{INT:dst_port}(\(%{DATA:dst_fwuser}\))? (?:on interface %{DATA:interface}|due to %{CISCO_REASON:reason})
"""ASA-3-106014"""
CISCOFW106014 %{CISCO_ACTION:action} %{CISCO_DIRECTION:direction} %{WORD:protocol} src %{DATA:src_interface}:%{IP:src_ip}(\(%{DATA:src_fwuser}\))? dst %{DATA:dst_interface}:%{IP:dst_ip}(\(%{DATA:dst_fwuser}\))? \(type %{INT:icmp_type}, code %{INT:icmp_code}\)
"""ASA-6-106015"""
CISCOFW106015 %{CISCO_ACTION:action} %{WORD:protocol} \(%{DATA:policy_id}\) from %{IP:src_ip}/%{INT:src_port} to %{IP:dst_ip}/%{INT:dst_port} flags %{DATA:tcp_flags}  on interface %{GREEDYDATA:interface}
"""ASA-1-106021"""
CISCOFW106021 %{CISCO_ACTION:action} %{WORD:protocol} reverse path check from %{IP:src_ip} to %{IP:dst_ip} on interface %{GREEDYDATA:interface}
"""ASA-4-106023"""
CISCOFW106023 %{CISCO_ACTION:action}( protocol)? %{WORD:protocol} src %{DATA:src_interface}:%{DATA:src_ip}(/%{INT:src_port})?(\(%{DATA:src_fwuser}\))? dst %{DATA:dst_interface}:%{DATA:dst_ip}(/%{INT:dst_port})?(\(%{DATA:dst_fwuser}\))?( \(type %{INT:icmp_type}, code %{INT:icmp_code}\))? by access-group "?%{DATA:policy_id}"? \[%{DATA:hashcode1}, %{DATA:hashcode2}\]
"""ASA-4-106100, ASA-4-106102, ASA-4-106103"""
CISCOFW106100_2_3 access-list %{NOTSPACE:policy_id} %{CISCO_ACTION:action} %{WORD:protocol} for user '%{DATA:src_fwuser}' %{DATA:src_interface}/%{IP:src_ip}\(%{INT:src_port}\) -> %{DATA:dst_interface}/%{IP:dst_ip}\(%{INT:dst_port}\) hit-cnt %{INT:hit_count} %{CISCO_INTERVAL:interval} \[%{DATA:hashcode1}, %{DATA:hashcode2}\]
"""ASA-5-106100"""
CISCOFW106100 access-list %{NOTSPACE:policy_id} %{CISCO_ACTION:action} %{WORD:protocol} %{DATA:src_interface}/%{IP:src_ip}\(%{INT:src_port}\)(\(%{DATA:src_fwuser}\))? -> %{DATA:dst_interface}/%{IP:dst_ip}\(%{INT:dst_port}\)(\(%{DATA:src_fwuser}\))? hit-cnt %{INT:hit_count} %{CISCO_INTERVAL:interval} \[%{DATA:hashcode1}, %{DATA:hashcode2}\]
"""ASA-6-110002"""
CISCOFW110002 %{CISCO_REASON:reason} for %{WORD:protocol} from %{DATA:src_interface}:%{IP:src_ip}/%{INT:src_port} to %{IP:dst_ip}/%{INT:dst_port}
"""ASA-6-302010"""
CISCOFW302010 %{INT:connection_count} in use, %{INT:connection_count_max} most used
"""ASA-6-302013, ASA-6-302014, ASA-6-302015, ASA-6-302016"""
CISCOFW302013_302014_302015_302016 %{CISCO_ACTION:action}(?: %{CISCO_DIRECTION:direction})? %{WORD:protocol} connection %{INT:connection_id} for %{DATA:src_interface}:%{IP:src_ip}/%{INT:src_port}( \(%{IP:src_mapped_ip}/%{INT:src_mapped_port}\))?(\(%{DATA:src_fwuser}\))? to %{DATA:dst_interface}:%{IP:dst_ip}/%{INT:dst_port}( \(%{IP:dst_mapped_ip}/%{INT:dst_mapped_port}\))?(\(%{DATA:dst_fwuser}\))?( duration %{TIME:duration} bytes %{INT:bytes})?(?: %{CISCO_REASON:reason})?( \(%{DATA:user}\))?
"""ASA-6-302020, ASA-6-302021"""
CISCOFW302020_302021 %{CISCO_ACTION:action}(?: %{CISCO_DIRECTION:direction})? %{WORD:protocol} connection for faddr %{IP:dst_ip}/%{INT:icmp_seq_num}(?:\(%{DATA:fwuser}\))? gaddr %{IP:src_xlated_ip}/%{INT:icmp_code_xlated} laddr %{IP:src_ip}/%{INT:icmp_code}( \(%{DATA:user}\))?
"""ASA-6-305011"""
CISCOFW305011 %{CISCO_ACTION:action} %{CISCO_XLATE_TYPE:xlate_type} %{WORD:protocol} translation from %{DATA:src_interface}:%{IP:src_ip}(/%{INT:src_port})?(\(%{DATA:src_fwuser}\))? to %{DATA:src_xlated_interface}:%{IP:src_xlated_ip}/%{DATA:src_xlated_port}
"""ASA-3-313001, ASA-3-313004, ASA-3-313008"""
CISCOFW313001_313004_313008 %{CISCO_ACTION:action} %{WORD:protocol} type=%{INT:icmp_type}, code=%{INT:icmp_code} from %{IP:src_ip} on interface %{DATA:interface}( to %{IP:dst_ip})?
"""ASA-4-313005"""
CISCOFW313005 %{CISCO_REASON:reason} for %{WORD:protocol} error message: %{WORD:err_protocol} src %{DATA:err_src_interface}:%{IP:err_src_ip}(\(%{DATA:err_src_fwuser}\))? dst %{DATA:err_dst_interface}:%{IP:err_dst_ip}(\(%{DATA:err_dst_fwuser}\))? \(type %{INT:err_icmp_type}, code %{INT:err_icmp_code}\) on %{DATA:interface} interface\.  Original IP payload: %{WORD:protocol} src %{IP:orig_src_ip}/%{INT:orig_src_port}(\(%{DATA:orig_src_fwuser}\))? dst %{IP:orig_dst_ip}/%{INT:orig_dst_port}(\(%{DATA:orig_dst_fwuser}\))?
"""ASA-5-321001"""
CISCOFW321001 Resource '%{WORD:resource_name}' limit of %{POSINT:resource_limit} reached for system
"""ASA-4-402117"""
CISCOFW402117 %{WORD:protocol}: Received a non-IPSec packet \(protocol= %{WORD:orig_protocol}\) from %{IP:src_ip} to %{IP:dst_ip}
"""ASA-4-402119"""
CISCOFW402119 %{WORD:protocol}: Received an %{WORD:orig_protocol} packet \(SPI= %{DATA:spi}, sequence number= %{DATA:seq_num}\) from %{IP:src_ip} \(user= %{DATA:user}\) to %{IP:dst_ip} that failed anti-replay checking
"""ASA-4-419001"""
CISCOFW419001 %{CISCO_ACTION:action} %{WORD:protocol} packet from %{DATA:src_interface}:%{IP:src_ip}/%{INT:src_port} to %{DATA:dst_interface}:%{IP:dst_ip}/%{INT:dst_port}, reason: %{GREEDYDATA:reason}
"""ASA-4-419002"""
CISCOFW419002 %{CISCO_REASON:reason} from %{DATA:src_interface}:%{IP:src_ip}/%{INT:src_port} to %{DATA:dst_interface}:%{IP:dst_ip}/%{INT:dst_port} with different initial sequence number
"""ASA-4-500004"""
CISCOFW500004 %{CISCO_REASON:reason} for protocol=%{WORD:protocol}, from %{IP:src_ip}/%{INT:src_port} to %{IP:dst_ip}/%{INT:dst_port}
"""ASA-6-602303, ASA-6-602304"""
CISCOFW602303_602304 %{WORD:protocol}: An %{CISCO_DIRECTION:direction} %{GREEDYDATA:tunnel_type} SA \(SPI= %{DATA:spi}\) between %{IP:src_ip} and %{IP:dst_ip} \(user= %{DATA:user}\) has been %{CISCO_ACTION:action}
"""ASA-7-710001, ASA-7-710002, ASA-7-710003, ASA-7-710005, ASA-7-710006"""
CISCOFW710001_710002_710003_710005_710006 %{WORD:protocol} (?:request|access) %{CISCO_ACTION:action} from %{IP:src_ip}/%{INT:src_port} to %{DATA:dst_interface}:%{IP:dst_ip}/%{INT:dst_port}
"""ASA-6-713172"""
CISCOFW713172 Group = %{GREEDYDATA:group}, IP = %{IP:src_ip}, Automatic NAT Detection Status:\s+Remote end\s*%{DATA:is_remote_natted}\s*behind a NAT device\s+This\s+end\s*%{DATA:is_local_natted}\s*behind a NAT device
"""ASA-4-733100"""
CISCOFW733100 \[\s*%{DATA:drop_type}\s*\] drop %{DATA:drop_rate_id} exceeded. Current burst rate is %{INT:drop_rate_current_burst} per second, max configured rate is %{INT:drop_rate_max_burst}; Current average rate is %{INT:drop_rate_current_avg} per second, max configured rate is %{INT:drop_rate_max_avg}; Cumulative total count is %{INT:drop_total_count}
"""== End Cisco ASA =="""

"""Shorewall firewall logs"""
SHOREWALL (%{SYSLOGTIMESTAMP:timestamp}) (%{WORD:nf_host}) kernel:.*Shorewall:(%{WORD:nf_action1})?:(%{WORD:nf_action2})?.*IN=(%{USERNAME:nf_in_interface})?.*(OUT= *MAC=(%{COMMONMAC:nf_dst_mac}):(%{COMMONMAC:nf_src_mac})?|OUT=%{USERNAME:nf_out_interface}).*SRC=(%{IPV4:nf_src_ip}).*DST=(%{IPV4:nf_dst_ip}).*LEN=(%{WORD:nf_len}).?*TOS=(%{WORD:nf_tos}).?*PREC=(%{WORD:nf_prec}).?*TTL=(%{INT:nf_ttl}).?*ID=(%{INT:nf_id}).?*PROTO=(%{WORD:nf_protocol}).?*SPT=(%{INT:nf_src_port}?.*DPT=%{INT:nf_dst_port}?.*)
"""== End Shorewall"""

haproxy示例

""" These patterns were tested w/ haproxy-1.4.15"""

""" Documentation of the haproxy log formats can be found at the following links:"""
""" http://code.google.com/p/haproxy-docs/wiki/HTTPLogFormat"""
""" http://code.google.com/p/haproxy-docs/wiki/TCPLogFormat"""

HAPROXYTIME (?!<[0-9])%{HOUR:haproxy_hour}:%{MINUTE:haproxy_minute}(?::%{SECOND:haproxy_second})(?![0-9])
HAPROXYDATE %{MONTHDAY:haproxy_monthday}/%{MONTH:haproxy_month}/%{YEAR:haproxy_year}:%{HAPROXYTIME:haproxy_time}.%{INT:haproxy_milliseconds}

""" Override these default patterns to parse out what is captured in your haproxy.cfg"""
HAPROXYCAPTUREDREQUESTHEADERS %{DATA:captured_request_headers}
HAPROXYCAPTUREDRESPONSEHEADERS %{DATA:captured_response_headers}

""" Example:"""
"""  These haproxy config lines will add data to the logs that are captured"""
"""  by the patterns below. Place them in your custom patterns directory to"""
"""  override the defaults."""
"""
"""  capture request header Host len 40"""
"""  capture request header X-Forwarded-For len 50"""
"""  capture request header Accept-Language len 50"""
"""  capture request header Referer len 200"""
"""  capture request header User-Agent len 200"""
"""
"""  capture response header Content-Type len 30"""
"""  capture response header Content-Encoding len 10"""
"""  capture response header Cache-Control len 200"""
"""  capture response header Last-Modified len 200"""
"""parse a haproxy 'httplog' line"""
HAPROXYHTTPBASE %{IP:client_ip}:%{INT:client_port} \[%{HAPROXYDATE:accept_date}\] %{NOTSPACE:frontend_name} %{NOTSPACE:backend_name}/%{NOTSPACE:server_name} %{INT:time_request}/%{INT:time_queue}/%{INT:time_backend_connect}/%{INT:time_backend_response}/%{NOTSPACE:time_duration} %{INT:http_status_code} %{NOTSPACE:bytes_read} %{DATA:captured_request_cookie} %{DATA:captured_response_cookie} %{NOTSPACE:termination_state} %{INT:actconn}/%{INT:feconn}/%{INT:beconn}/%{INT:srvconn}/%{NOTSPACE:retries} %{INT:srv_queue}/%{INT:backend_queue} (\{%{HAPROXYCAPTUREDREQUESTHEADERS}\})?( )?(\{%{HAPROXYCAPTUREDRESPONSEHEADERS}\})?( )?"(<BADREQ>|(%{WORD:http_verb} (%{URIPROTO:http_proto}://)?(?:%{USER:http_user}(?::[^@]*)?@)?(?:%{URIHOST:http_host})?(?:%{URIPATHPARAM:http_request})?( HTTP/%{NUMBER:http_version})?))?"

HAPROXYHTTP (?:%{SYSLOGTIMESTAMP:syslog_timestamp}|%{TIMESTAMP_ISO8601:timestamp8601}) %{IPORHOST:syslog_server} %{SYSLOGPROG}: %{HAPROXYHTTPBASE}

"""parse a haproxy 'tcplog' line"""
HAPROXYTCP (?:%{SYSLOGTIMESTAMP:syslog_timestamp}|%{TIMESTAMP_ISO8601:timestamp8601}) %{IPORHOST:syslog_server} %{SYSLOGPROG}: %{IP:client_ip}:%{INT:client_port} \[%{HAPROXYDATE:accept_date}\] %{NOTSPACE:frontend_name} %{NOTSPACE:backend_name}/%{NOTSPACE:server_name} %{INT:time_queue}/%{INT:time_backend_connect}/%{NOTSPACE:time_duration} %{NOTSPACE:bytes_read} %{NOTSPACE:termination_state} %{INT:actconn}/%{INT:feconn}/%{INT:beconn}/%{INT:srvconn}/%{NOTSPACE:retries} %{INT:srv_queue}/%{INT:backend_queue}

java示例

JAVACLASS (?:[a-zA-Z$_][a-zA-Z$_0-9]*\.)*[a-zA-Z$_][a-zA-Z$_0-9]*
"""Space is an allowed character to match special cases like 'Native Method' or 'Unknown Source'"""
JAVAFILE (?:[A-Za-z0-9_. -]+)
"""Allow special <init> method"""
JAVAMETHOD (?:(<init>)|[a-zA-Z$_][a-zA-Z$_0-9]*)
"""Line number is optional in special cases 'Native method' or 'Unknown source'"""
JAVASTACKTRACEPART %{SPACE}at %{JAVACLASS:class}\.%{JAVAMETHOD:method}\(%{JAVAFILE:file}(?::%{NUMBER:line})?\)
""" Java Logs"""
JAVATHREAD (?:[A-Z]{2}-Processor[\d]+)
JAVACLASS (?:[a-zA-Z0-9-]+\.)+[A-Za-z0-9$]+
JAVAFILE (?:[A-Za-z0-9_.-]+)
JAVASTACKTRACEPART at %{JAVACLASS:class}\.%{WORD:method}\(%{JAVAFILE:file}:%{NUMBER:line}\)
JAVALOGMESSAGE (.*)
""" MMM dd, yyyy HH:mm:ss eg: Jan 9, 2014 7:13:13 AM"""
CATALINA_DATESTAMP %{MONTH} %{MONTHDAY}, 20%{YEAR} %{HOUR}:?%{MINUTE}(?::?%{SECOND}) (?:AM|PM)
""" yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss,SSS ZZZ eg: 2014-01-09 17:32:25,527 -0800"""
TOMCAT_DATESTAMP 20%{YEAR}-%{MONTHNUM}-%{MONTHDAY} %{HOUR}:?%{MINUTE}(?::?%{SECOND}) %{ISO8601_TIMEZONE}
CATALINALOG %{CATALINA_DATESTAMP:timestamp} %{JAVACLASS:class} %{JAVALOGMESSAGE:logmessage}
""" 2014-01-09 20:03:28,269 -0800 | ERROR | com.example.service.ExampleService - something compeletely unexpected happened..."""
TOMCATLOG %{TOMCAT_DATESTAMP:timestamp} \| %{LOGLEVEL:level} \| %{JAVACLASS:class} - %{JAVALOGMESSAGE:logmessage}

junos示例

"""JUNOS 11.4 RT_FLOW patterns"""
RT_FLOW_EVENT (RT_FLOW_SESSION_CREATE|RT_FLOW_SESSION_CLOSE|RT_FLOW_SESSION_DENY)

RT_FLOW1 %{RT_FLOW_EVENT:event}: %{GREEDYDATA:close-reason}: %{IP:src-ip}/%{INT:src-port}->%{IP:dst-ip}/%{INT:dst-port} %{DATA:service} %{IP:nat-src-ip}/%{INT:nat-src-port}->%{IP:nat-dst-ip}/%{INT:nat-dst-port} %{DATA:src-nat-rule-name} %{DATA:dst-nat-rule-name} %{INT:protocol-id} %{DATA:policy-name} %{DATA:from-zone} %{DATA:to-zone} %{INT:session-id} \d+\(%{DATA:sent}\) \d+\(%{DATA:received}\) %{INT:elapsed-time} .*

RT_FLOW2 %{RT_FLOW_EVENT:event}: session created %{IP:src-ip}/%{INT:src-port}->%{IP:dst-ip}/%{INT:dst-port} %{DATA:service} %{IP:nat-src-ip}/%{INT:nat-src-port}->%{IP:nat-dst-ip}/%{INT:nat-dst-port} %{DATA:src-nat-rule-name} %{DATA:dst-nat-rule-name} %{INT:protocol-id} %{DATA:policy-name} %{DATA:from-zone} %{DATA:to-zone} %{INT:session-id} .*

RT_FLOW3 %{RT_FLOW_EVENT:event}: session denied %{IP:src-ip}/%{INT:src-port}->%{IP:dst-ip}/%{INT:dst-port} %{DATA:service} %{INT:protocol-id}\(\d\) %{DATA:policy-name} %{DATA:from-zone} %{DATA:to-zone} .*

linux-syslog示例

SYSLOG5424PRINTASCII [!-~]+

SYSLOGBASE2 (?:%{SYSLOGTIMESTAMP:timestamp}|%{TIMESTAMP_ISO8601:timestamp8601}) (?:%{SYSLOGFACILITY} )?%{SYSLOGHOST:logsource}+(?: %{SYSLOGPROG}:|)
SYSLOGPAMSESSION %{SYSLOGBASE} (?=%{GREEDYDATA:message})%{WORD:pam_module}\(%{DATA:pam_caller}\): session %{WORD:pam_session_state} for user %{USERNAME:username}(?: by %{GREEDYDATA:pam_by})?

CRON_ACTION [A-Z ]+
CRONLOG %{SYSLOGBASE} \(%{USER:user}\) %{CRON_ACTION:action} \(%{DATA:message}\)

SYSLOGLINE %{SYSLOGBASE2} %{GREEDYDATA:message}

"""IETF 5424 syslog(8) format (see http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5424)"""
SYSLOG5424PRI <%{NONNEGINT:syslog5424_pri}>
SYSLOG5424SD \[%{DATA}\]+
SYSLOG5424BASE %{SYSLOG5424PRI}%{NONNEGINT:syslog5424_ver} +(?:%{TIMESTAMP_ISO8601:syslog5424_ts}|-) +(?:%{HOSTNAME:syslog5424_host}|-) +(-|%{SYSLOG5424PRINTASCII:syslog5424_app}) +(-|%{SYSLOG5424PRINTASCII:syslog5424_proc}) +(-|%{SYSLOG5424PRINTASCII:syslog5424_msgid}) +(?:%{SYSLOG5424SD:syslog5424_sd}|-|)

SYSLOG5424LINE %{SYSLOG5424BASE} +%{GREEDYDATA:syslog5424_msg}

mcollective-patterns示例

"""Remember, these can be multi-line events."""
MCOLLECTIVE ., \[%{TIMESTAMP_ISO8601:timestamp} #%{POSINT:pid}\]%{SPACE}%{LOGLEVEL:event_level}

MCOLLECTIVEAUDIT %{TIMESTAMP_ISO8601:timestamp}:

mongodb示例

MONGO_LOG %{SYSLOGTIMESTAMP:timestamp} \[%{WORD:component}\] %{GREEDYDATA:message}
MONGO_QUERY \{ (?<={ ).*(?= } ntoreturn:) \}
MONGO_SLOWQUERY %{WORD} %{MONGO_WORDDASH:database}\.%{MONGO_WORDDASH:collection} %{WORD}: %{MONGO_QUERY:query} %{WORD}:%{NONNEGINT:ntoreturn} %{WORD}:%{NONNEGINT:ntoskip} %{WORD}:%{NONNEGINT:nscanned}.*nreturned:%{NONNEGINT:nreturned}..+ (?<duration>[0-9]+)ms
MONGO_WORDDASH \b[\w-]+\b
MONGO3_SEVERITY \w
MONGO3_COMPONENT %{WORD}|-
MONGO3_LOG %{TIMESTAMP_ISO8601:timestamp} %{MONGO3_SEVERITY:severity} %{MONGO3_COMPONENT:component}%{SPACE}(?:\[%{DATA:context}\])? %{GREEDYDATA:message}

nagios示例

NAGIOSTIME \[%{NUMBER:nagios_epoch}\]
"""nagios log types"""
NAGIOS_TYPE_CURRENT_SERVICE_STATE CURRENT SERVICE STATE
NAGIOS_TYPE_CURRENT_HOST_STATE CURRENT HOST STATE

NAGIOS_TYPE_SERVICE_NOTIFICATION SERVICE NOTIFICATION
NAGIOS_TYPE_HOST_NOTIFICATION HOST NOTIFICATION

NAGIOS_TYPE_SERVICE_ALERT SERVICE ALERT
NAGIOS_TYPE_HOST_ALERT HOST ALERT

NAGIOS_TYPE_SERVICE_FLAPPING_ALERT SERVICE FLAPPING ALERT
NAGIOS_TYPE_HOST_FLAPPING_ALERT HOST FLAPPING ALERT

NAGIOS_TYPE_SERVICE_DOWNTIME_ALERT SERVICE DOWNTIME ALERT
NAGIOS_TYPE_HOST_DOWNTIME_ALERT HOST DOWNTIME ALERT

NAGIOS_TYPE_PASSIVE_SERVICE_CHECK PASSIVE SERVICE CHECK
NAGIOS_TYPE_PASSIVE_HOST_CHECK PASSIVE HOST CHECK

NAGIOS_TYPE_SERVICE_EVENT_HANDLER SERVICE EVENT HANDLER
NAGIOS_TYPE_HOST_EVENT_HANDLER HOST EVENT HANDLER

NAGIOS_TYPE_EXTERNAL_COMMAND EXTERNAL COMMAND
NAGIOS_TYPE_TIMEPERIOD_TRANSITION TIMEPERIOD TRANSITION

"""external check types"""
NAGIOS_EC_DISABLE_SVC_CHECK DISABLE_SVC_CHECK
NAGIOS_EC_ENABLE_SVC_CHECK ENABLE_SVC_CHECK
NAGIOS_EC_DISABLE_HOST_CHECK DISABLE_HOST_CHECK
NAGIOS_EC_ENABLE_HOST_CHECK ENABLE_HOST_CHECK
NAGIOS_EC_PROCESS_SERVICE_CHECK_RESULT PROCESS_SERVICE_CHECK_RESULT
NAGIOS_EC_PROCESS_HOST_CHECK_RESULT PROCESS_HOST_CHECK_RESULT
NAGIOS_EC_SCHEDULE_SERVICE_DOWNTIME SCHEDULE_SERVICE_DOWNTIME
NAGIOS_EC_SCHEDULE_HOST_DOWNTIME SCHEDULE_HOST_DOWNTIME
NAGIOS_EC_DISABLE_HOST_SVC_NOTIFICATIONS DISABLE_HOST_SVC_NOTIFICATIONS
NAGIOS_EC_ENABLE_HOST_SVC_NOTIFICATIONS ENABLE_HOST_SVC_NOTIFICATIONS
NAGIOS_EC_DISABLE_HOST_NOTIFICATIONS DISABLE_HOST_NOTIFICATIONS
NAGIOS_EC_ENABLE_HOST_NOTIFICATIONS ENABLE_HOST_NOTIFICATIONS
NAGIOS_EC_DISABLE_SVC_NOTIFICATIONS DISABLE_SVC_NOTIFICATIONS
NAGIOS_EC_ENABLE_SVC_NOTIFICATIONS ENABLE_SVC_NOTIFICATIONS


NAGIOS_WARNING Warning:%{SPACE}%{GREEDYDATA:nagios_message}

NAGIOS_CURRENT_SERVICE_STATE %{NAGIOS_TYPE_CURRENT_SERVICE_STATE:nagios_type}: %{DATA:nagios_hostname};%{DATA:nagios_service};%{DATA:nagios_state};%{DATA:nagios_statetype};%{DATA:nagios_statecode};%{GREEDYDATA:nagios_message}
NAGIOS_CURRENT_HOST_STATE %{NAGIOS_TYPE_CURRENT_HOST_STATE:nagios_type}: %{DATA:nagios_hostname};%{DATA:nagios_state};%{DATA:nagios_statetype};%{DATA:nagios_statecode};%{GREEDYDATA:nagios_message}

NAGIOS_SERVICE_NOTIFICATION %{NAGIOS_TYPE_SERVICE_NOTIFICATION:nagios_type}: %{DATA:nagios_notifyname};%{DATA:nagios_hostname};%{DATA:nagios_service};%{DATA:nagios_state};%{DATA:nagios_contact};%{GREEDYDATA:nagios_message}
NAGIOS_HOST_NOTIFICATION %{NAGIOS_TYPE_HOST_NOTIFICATION:nagios_type}: %{DATA:nagios_notifyname};%{DATA:nagios_hostname};%{DATA:nagios_state};%{DATA:nagios_contact};%{GREEDYDATA:nagios_message}

NAGIOS_SERVICE_ALERT %{NAGIOS_TYPE_SERVICE_ALERT:nagios_type}: %{DATA:nagios_hostname};%{DATA:nagios_service};%{DATA:nagios_state};%{DATA:nagios_statelevel};%{NUMBER:nagios_attempt};%{GREEDYDATA:nagios_message}
NAGIOS_HOST_ALERT %{NAGIOS_TYPE_HOST_ALERT:nagios_type}: %{DATA:nagios_hostname};%{DATA:nagios_state};%{DATA:nagios_statelevel};%{NUMBER:nagios_attempt};%{GREEDYDATA:nagios_message}

NAGIOS_SERVICE_FLAPPING_ALERT %{NAGIOS_TYPE_SERVICE_FLAPPING_ALERT:nagios_type}: %{DATA:nagios_hostname};%{DATA:nagios_service};%{DATA:nagios_state};%{GREEDYDATA:nagios_message}
NAGIOS_HOST_FLAPPING_ALERT %{NAGIOS_TYPE_HOST_FLAPPING_ALERT:nagios_type}: %{DATA:nagios_hostname};%{DATA:nagios_state};%{GREEDYDATA:nagios_message}

NAGIOS_SERVICE_DOWNTIME_ALERT %{NAGIOS_TYPE_SERVICE_DOWNTIME_ALERT:nagios_type}: %{DATA:nagios_hostname};%{DATA:nagios_service};%{DATA:nagios_state};%{GREEDYDATA:nagios_comment}
NAGIOS_HOST_DOWNTIME_ALERT %{NAGIOS_TYPE_HOST_DOWNTIME_ALERT:nagios_type}: %{DATA:nagios_hostname};%{DATA:nagios_state};%{GREEDYDATA:nagios_comment}

NAGIOS_PASSIVE_SERVICE_CHECK %{NAGIOS_TYPE_PASSIVE_SERVICE_CHECK:nagios_type}: %{DATA:nagios_hostname};%{DATA:nagios_service};%{DATA:nagios_state};%{GREEDYDATA:nagios_comment}
NAGIOS_PASSIVE_HOST_CHECK %{NAGIOS_TYPE_PASSIVE_HOST_CHECK:nagios_type}: %{DATA:nagios_hostname};%{DATA:nagios_state};%{GREEDYDATA:nagios_comment}

NAGIOS_SERVICE_EVENT_HANDLER %{NAGIOS_TYPE_SERVICE_EVENT_HANDLER:nagios_type}: %{DATA:nagios_hostname};%{DATA:nagios_service};%{DATA:nagios_state};%{DATA:nagios_statelevel};%{DATA:nagios_event_handler_name}
NAGIOS_HOST_EVENT_HANDLER %{NAGIOS_TYPE_HOST_EVENT_HANDLER:nagios_type}: %{DATA:nagios_hostname};%{DATA:nagios_state};%{DATA:nagios_statelevel};%{DATA:nagios_event_handler_name}

NAGIOS_TIMEPERIOD_TRANSITION %{NAGIOS_TYPE_TIMEPERIOD_TRANSITION:nagios_type}: %{DATA:nagios_service};%{DATA:nagios_unknown1};%{DATA:nagios_unknown2}

"""Disable host & service check"""
NAGIOS_EC_LINE_DISABLE_SVC_CHECK %{NAGIOS_TYPE_EXTERNAL_COMMAND:nagios_type}: %{NAGIOS_EC_DISABLE_SVC_CHECK:nagios_command};%{DATA:nagios_hostname};%{DATA:nagios_service}
NAGIOS_EC_LINE_DISABLE_HOST_CHECK %{NAGIOS_TYPE_EXTERNAL_COMMAND:nagios_type}: %{NAGIOS_EC_DISABLE_HOST_CHECK:nagios_command};%{DATA:nagios_hostname}

"""Enable host & service check"""
NAGIOS_EC_LINE_ENABLE_SVC_CHECK %{NAGIOS_TYPE_EXTERNAL_COMMAND:nagios_type}: %{NAGIOS_EC_ENABLE_SVC_CHECK:nagios_command};%{DATA:nagios_hostname};%{DATA:nagios_service}
NAGIOS_EC_LINE_ENABLE_HOST_CHECK %{NAGIOS_TYPE_EXTERNAL_COMMAND:nagios_type}: %{NAGIOS_EC_ENABLE_HOST_CHECK:nagios_command};%{DATA:nagios_hostname}

"""Process host & service check"""
NAGIOS_EC_LINE_PROCESS_SERVICE_CHECK_RESULT %{NAGIOS_TYPE_EXTERNAL_COMMAND:nagios_type}: %{NAGIOS_EC_PROCESS_SERVICE_CHECK_RESULT:nagios_command};%{DATA:nagios_hostname};%{DATA:nagios_service};%{DATA:nagios_state};%{GREEDYDATA:nagios_check_result}
NAGIOS_EC_LINE_PROCESS_HOST_CHECK_RESULT %{NAGIOS_TYPE_EXTERNAL_COMMAND:nagios_type}: %{NAGIOS_EC_PROCESS_HOST_CHECK_RESULT:nagios_command};%{DATA:nagios_hostname};%{DATA:nagios_state};%{GREEDYDATA:nagios_check_result}


"""Disable host & service notifications"""
NAGIOS_EC_LINE_DISABLE_HOST_SVC_NOTIFICATIONS %{NAGIOS_TYPE_EXTERNAL_COMMAND:nagios_type}: %{NAGIOS_EC_DISABLE_HOST_SVC_NOTIFICATIONS:nagios_command};%{GREEDYDATA:nagios_hostname}
NAGIOS_EC_LINE_DISABLE_HOST_NOTIFICATIONS %{NAGIOS_TYPE_EXTERNAL_COMMAND:nagios_type}: %{NAGIOS_EC_DISABLE_HOST_NOTIFICATIONS:nagios_command};%{GREEDYDATA:nagios_hostname}
NAGIOS_EC_LINE_DISABLE_SVC_NOTIFICATIONS %{NAGIOS_TYPE_EXTERNAL_COMMAND:nagios_type}: %{NAGIOS_EC_DISABLE_SVC_NOTIFICATIONS:nagios_command};%{DATA:nagios_hostname};%{GREEDYDATA:nagios_service}

"""Enable host & service notifications"""
NAGIOS_EC_LINE_ENABLE_HOST_SVC_NOTIFICATIONS %{NAGIOS_TYPE_EXTERNAL_COMMAND:nagios_type}: %{NAGIOS_EC_ENABLE_HOST_SVC_NOTIFICATIONS:nagios_command};%{GREEDYDATA:nagios_hostname}
NAGIOS_EC_LINE_ENABLE_HOST_NOTIFICATIONS %{NAGIOS_TYPE_EXTERNAL_COMMAND:nagios_type}: %{NAGIOS_EC_ENABLE_HOST_NOTIFICATIONS:nagios_command};%{GREEDYDATA:nagios_hostname}
NAGIOS_EC_LINE_ENABLE_SVC_NOTIFICATIONS %{NAGIOS_TYPE_EXTERNAL_COMMAND:nagios_type}: %{NAGIOS_EC_ENABLE_SVC_NOTIFICATIONS:nagios_command};%{DATA:nagios_hostname};%{GREEDYDATA:nagios_service}

"""Schedule host & service downtime"""
NAGIOS_EC_LINE_SCHEDULE_HOST_DOWNTIME %{NAGIOS_TYPE_EXTERNAL_COMMAND:nagios_type}: %{NAGIOS_EC_SCHEDULE_HOST_DOWNTIME:nagios_command};%{DATA:nagios_hostname};%{NUMBER:nagios_start_time};%{NUMBER:nagios_end_time};%{NUMBER:nagios_fixed};%{NUMBER:nagios_trigger_id};%{NUMBER:nagios_duration};%{DATA:author};%{DATA:comment}

"""End matching line"""
  NAGIOSLOGLINE %{NAGIOSTIME} (?:%{NAGIOS_WARNING}|%{NAGIOS_CURRENT_SERVICE_STATE}|%{NAGIOS_CURRENT_HOST_STATE}|%{NAGIOS_SERVICE_NOTIFICATION}|%{NAGIOS_HOST_NOTIFICATION}|%{NAGIOS_SERVICE_ALERT}|%{NAGIOS_HOST_ALERT}|%{NAGIOS_SERVICE_FLAPPING_ALERT}|%{NAGIOS_HOST_FLAPPING_ALERT}|%{NAGIOS_SERVICE_DOWNTIME_ALERT}|%{NAGIOS_HOST_DOWNTIME_ALERT}|%{NAGIOS_PASSIVE_SERVICE_CHECK}|%{NAGIOS_PASSIVE_HOST_CHECK}|%{NAGIOS_SERVICE_EVENT_HANDLER}|%{NAGIOS_HOST_EVENT_HANDLER}|%{NAGIOS_TIMEPERIOD_TRANSITION}|%{NAGIOS_EC_LINE_DISABLE_SVC_CHECK}|%{NAGIOS_EC_LINE_ENABLE_SVC_CHECK}|%{NAGIOS_EC_LINE_DISABLE_HOST_CHECK}|%{NAGIOS_EC_LINE_ENABLE_HOST_CHECK}|%{NAGIOS_EC_LINE_PROCESS_HOST_CHECK_RESULT}|%{NAGIOS_EC_LINE_PROCESS_SERVICE_CHECK_RESULT}|%{NAGIOS_EC_LINE_SCHEDULE_HOST_DOWNTIME}|%{NAGIOS_EC_LINE_DISABLE_HOST_SVC_NOTIFICATIONS}|%{NAGIOS_EC_LINE_ENABLE_HOST_SVC_NOTIFICATIONS}|%{NAGIOS_EC_LINE_DISABLE_HOST_NOTIFICATIONS}|%{NAGIOS_EC_LINE_ENABLE_HOST_NOTIFICATIONS}|%{NAGIOS_EC_LINE_DISABLE_SVC_NOTIFICATIONS}|%{NAGIOS_EC_LINE_ENABLE_SVC_NOTIFICATIONS})

postgresql示例

"""Default postgresql pg_log format pattern"""
POSTGRESQL %{DATESTAMP:timestamp} %{TZ} %{DATA:user_id} %{GREEDYDATA:connection_id} %{POSINT:pid}

rails示例

RUUID \h{32}
"""rails controller with action"""
RCONTROLLER (?<controller>[^#]+)#(?<action>\w+)

"""this will often be the only line:"""
RAILS3HEAD (?m)Started %{WORD:verb} "%{URIPATHPARAM:request}" for %{IPORHOST:clientip} at (?<timestamp>%{YEAR}-%{MONTHNUM}-%{MONTHDAY} %{HOUR}:%{MINUTE}:%{SECOND} %{ISO8601_TIMEZONE})
"""for some a strange reason, params are stripped of {} - not sure that's a good idea."""
RPROCESSING \W*Processing by %{RCONTROLLER} as (?<format>\S+)(?:\W*Parameters: {%{DATA:params}}\W*)?
RAILS3FOOT Completed %{NUMBER:response}%{DATA} in %{NUMBER:totalms}ms %{RAILS3PROFILE}%{GREEDYDATA}
RAILS3PROFILE (?:\(Views: %{NUMBER:viewms}ms \| ActiveRecord: %{NUMBER:activerecordms}ms|\(ActiveRecord: %{NUMBER:activerecordms}ms)?

"""putting it all together"""
RAILS3 %{RAILS3HEAD}(?:%{RPROCESSING})?(?<context>(?:%{DATA}\n)*)(?:%{RAILS3FOOT})?

redis示例

REDISTIMESTAMP %{MONTHDAY} %{MONTH} %{TIME}
REDISLOG \[%{POSINT:pid}\] %{REDISTIMESTAMP:timestamp} \*

ruby示例

RUBY_LOGLEVEL (?:DEBUG|FATAL|ERROR|WARN|INFO)
RUBY_LOGGER [DFEWI], \[%{TIMESTAMP_ISO8601:timestamp} #%{POSINT:pid}\] *%{RUBY_LOGLEVEL:loglevel} -- +%{DATA:progname}: %{GREEDYDATA:message}