本文为您介绍MapReduce WordCount示例程序。

测试准备

  1. 准备好测试程序的Jar包,假设名字为mapreduce-examples.jar,本地存放路径为data\resources
    1. 创建测试表。
      create table wc_in (key string, value string);
      create table wc_out(key string, cnt bigint);
    2. 添加测试资源。
      add jar data\resources\mapreduce-examples.jar -f;
  2. 准备好WordCount测试表和资源。
  3. 使用Tunnel导入数据。
    tunnel upload data wc_in;
    导入wc_in表的数据文件data的内容。
    hello,odps

测试步骤

在MaxCompute客户端中执行WordCount。
jar -resources mapreduce-examples.jar -classpath data\resources\mapreduce-examples.jar
com.aliyun.odps.mapred.open.example.WordCount wc_in wc_out

预期结果

作业成功结束后,输出表wc_out中的内容。
+------------+------------+
| key        | cnt        |
+------------+------------+
| hello      | 1          |
| odps       | 1          |
+------------+------------+

代码示例

package com.aliyun.odps.mapred.open.example;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Iterator;
import com.aliyun.odps.data.Record;
import com.aliyun.odps.data.TableInfo;
import com.aliyun.odps.mapred.JobClient;
import com.aliyun.odps.mapred.MapperBase;
import com.aliyun.odps.mapred.ReducerBase;
import com.aliyun.odps.mapred.TaskContext;
import com.aliyun.odps.mapred.conf.JobConf;
import com.aliyun.odps.mapred.utils.InputUtils;
import com.aliyun.odps.mapred.utils.OutputUtils;
import com.aliyun.odps.mapred.utils.SchemaUtils;
public class WordCount {
    public static class TokenizerMapper extends MapperBase {
        private Record word;
        private Record one;
        @Override
            public void setup(TaskContext context) throws IOException {
            word = context.createMapOutputKeyRecord();
            one = context.createMapOutputValueRecord();
            one.set(new Object[] { 1L });
            System.out.println("TaskID:" + context.getTaskID().toString());
        }
        @Override
            public void map(long recordNum, Record record, TaskContext context)
            throws IOException {
            for (int i = 0; i < record.getColumnCount(); i++) {
                word.set(new Object[] { record.get(i).toString() });
                context.write(word, one);
            }
        }
    }
    /**
       * A combiner class that combines map output by sum them.
       **/
    public static class SumCombiner extends ReducerBase {
        private Record count;
        @Override
            public void setup(TaskContext context) throws IOException {
            count = context.createMapOutputValueRecord();
        }
        //combiner实现的接口和reducer一样,可以立即为在mapper本地执行的一个reduce,作用是减少mapper的输出量。
        @Override
            public void reduce(Record key, Iterator<Record> values, TaskContext context)
            throws IOException {
            long c = 0;
            while (values.hasNext()) {
                Record val = values.next();
                c += (Long) val.get(0);
            }
            count.set(0, c);
            context.write(key, count);
        }
    }
    /**
       * A reducer class that just emits the sum of the input values.
       **/
    public static class SumReducer extends ReducerBase {
        private Record result = null;
        @Override
            public void setup(TaskContext context) throws IOException {
            result = context.createOutputRecord();
        }
        @Override
            public void reduce(Record key, Iterator<Record> values, TaskContext context)
            throws IOException {
            long count = 0;
            while (values.hasNext()) {
                Record val = values.next();
                count += (Long) val.get(0);
            }
            result.set(0, key.get(0));
            result.set(1, count);
            context.write(result);
        }
    }
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        if (args.length != 2) {
            System.err.println("Usage: WordCount <in_table> <out_table>");
            System.exit(2);
        }
        JobConf job = new JobConf();
        job.setMapperClass(TokenizerMapper.class);
        job.setCombinerClass(SumCombiner.class);
        job.setReducerClass(SumReducer.class);
        //设置mapper中间结果的key和value的schema, mapper的中间结果输出也是record的形式。
        job.setMapOutputKeySchema(SchemaUtils.fromString("word:string"));
        job.setMapOutputValueSchema(SchemaUtils.fromString("count:bigint"));
        //设置输入和输出的表信息。
        InputUtils.addTable(TableInfo.builder().tableName(args[0]).build(), job);
        OutputUtils.addTable(TableInfo.builder().tableName(args[1]).build(), job);
        JobClient.runJob(job);
    }
}