本文为您介绍MapReduce的多路输入输出示例。

测试准备

  1. 准备好测试程序的Jar包,假设名字为mapreduce-examples.jar,本地存放路径为data\resources
  2. 准备好多路输入输出的测试表和资源。
    1. 创建测试表。
      create table wc_in1(key string, value string);
      create table wc_in2(key string, value string);
      create table mr_multiinout_out1 (key string, cnt bigint);
      create table mr_multiinout_out2 (key string, cnt bigint) partitioned by (a string, b string);
      alter table mr_multiinout_out2 add partition (a='1', b='1');
      alter table mr_multiinout_out2 add partition (a='2', b='2');
    2. 添加测试资源。
      add jar data\resources\mapreduce-examples.jar -f;
  3. 使用Tunnel导入数据。
    tunnel upload data1 wc_in1;
    tunnel upload data2 wc_in2;
    导入wc_in1表的数据文件data的内容。
     hello,odps
    导入wc_in2表的数据文件data的内容。
     hello,world

测试步骤

在MaxCompute客户端中执行MultipleInOut。
jar -resources mapreduce-examples.jar -classpath data\resources\mapreduce-examples.jar
com.aliyun.odps.mapred.open.example.MultipleInOut wc_in1,wc_in2 mr_multiinout_out1,mr_multiinout_out2|a=1/b=1|out1,mr_multiinout_out2|a=2/b=2|out2;

预期结果

作业成功结束后,mr_multiinout_out1中的内容如下。
+------------+------------+
| key        | cnt        |
+------------+------------+
| default    | 1          |
+------------+------------+
mr_multiinout_out2中内容如下。
+--------+------------+---+---+
| key    | cnt        | a | b |
+--------+------------+---+---+
| odps   | 1          | 1 | 1 |
| world  | 1          | 1 | 1 |
| out1   | 1          | 1 | 1 |
| hello  | 2          | 2 | 2 |
| out2   | 1          | 2 | 2 |
+--------+------------+---+---+

代码示例

package com.aliyun.odps.mapred.open.example;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.LinkedHashMap;
import com.aliyun.odps.data.Record;
import com.aliyun.odps.data.TableInfo;
import com.aliyun.odps.mapred.JobClient;
import com.aliyun.odps.mapred.MapperBase;
import com.aliyun.odps.mapred.ReducerBase;
import com.aliyun.odps.mapred.TaskContext;
import com.aliyun.odps.mapred.conf.JobConf;
import com.aliyun.odps.mapred.utils.InputUtils;
import com.aliyun.odps.mapred.utils.OutputUtils;
import com.aliyun.odps.mapred.utils.SchemaUtils;
/**
     * Multi input & output example.
     **/
public class MultipleInOut {
    public static class TokenizerMapper extends MapperBase {
        Record word;
        Record one;
        @Override
            public void setup(TaskContext context) throws IOException {
            word = context.createMapOutputKeyRecord();
            one = context.createMapOutputValueRecord();
            one.set(new Object[] { 1L });
        }
        @Override
            public void map(long recordNum, Record record, TaskContext context)
            throws IOException {
            for (int i = 0; i < record.getColumnCount(); i++) {
                word.set(new Object[] { record.get(i).toString() });
                context.write(word, one);
            }
        }
    }
    public static class SumReducer extends ReducerBase {
        private Record result;
        private Record result1;
        private Record result2;
        @Override
            public void setup(TaskContext context) throws IOException {
            //对于不同的输出需要创建不同的record,通过label来区分。
            result = context.createOutputRecord();
            result1 = context.createOutputRecord("out1");
            result2 = context.createOutputRecord("out2");
        }
        @Override
            public void reduce(Record key, Iterator<Record> values, TaskContext context)
            throws IOException {
            long count = 0;
            while (values.hasNext()) {
                Record val = values.next();
                count += (Long) val.get(0);
            }
            long mod = count % 3;
            if (mod == 0) {
                result.set(0, key.get(0));
                result.set(1, count);
                //不指定label,输出的默认(default)输出。
                context.write(result);
            } else if (mod == 1) {
                result1.set(0, key.get(0));
                result1.set(1, count);
                context.write(result1, "out1");
            } else {
                result2.set(0, key.get(0));
                result2.set(1, count);
                context.write(result2, "out2");
            }
        }
        @Override
            public void cleanup(TaskContext context) throws IOException {
            Record result = context.createOutputRecord();
            result.set(0, "default");
            result.set(1, 1L);
            context.write(result);
            Record result1 = context.createOutputRecord("out1");
            result1.set(0, "out1");
            result1.set(1, 1L);
            context.write(result1, "out1");
            Record result2 = context.createOutputRecord("out2");
            result2.set(0, "out2");
            result2.set(1, 1L);
            context.write(result2, "out2");
        }
    }
    //将分区字符串如"ds=1/pt=2"转为map的形式。
    public static LinkedHashMap<String, String> convertPartSpecToMap(
        String partSpec) {
        LinkedHashMap<String, String> map = new LinkedHashMap<String, String>();
        if (partSpec != null && !partSpec.trim().isEmpty()) {
            String[] parts = partSpec.split("/");
            for (String part : parts) {
                String[] ss = part.split("=");
                if (ss.length != 2) {
                    throw new RuntimeException("ODPS-0730001: error part spec format: "
                                               + partSpec);
                }
                map.put(ss[0], ss[1]);
            }
        }
        return map;
    }
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        String[] inputs = null;
        String[] outputs = null;
        if (args.length == 2) {
            inputs = args[0].split(",");
            outputs = args[1].split(",");
        } else {
            System.err.println("MultipleInOut in... out...");
            System.exit(1);
        }
        JobConf job = new JobConf();
        job.setMapperClass(TokenizerMapper.class);
        job.setReducerClass(SumReducer.class);
        job.setMapOutputKeySchema(SchemaUtils.fromString("word:string"));
        job.setMapOutputValueSchema(SchemaUtils.fromString("count:bigint"));
        //解析用户的输入表字符串。
        for (String in : inputs) {
            String[] ss = in.split("\\|");
            if (ss.length == 1) {
                InputUtils.addTable(TableInfo.builder().tableName(ss[0]).build(), job);
            } else if (ss.length == 2) {
                LinkedHashMap<String, String> map = convertPartSpecToMap(ss[1]);
                InputUtils.addTable(TableInfo.builder().tableName(ss[0]).partSpec(map).build(), job);
            } else {
                System.err.println("Style of input: " + in + " is not right");
                System.exit(1);
            }
        }
        //解析用户的输出表字符串。
        for (String out : outputs) {
            String[] ss = out.split("\\|");
            if (ss.length == 1) {
                OutputUtils.addTable(TableInfo.builder().tableName(ss[0]).build(), job);
            } else if (ss.length == 2) {
                LinkedHashMap<String, String> map = convertPartSpecToMap(ss[1]);
                OutputUtils.addTable(TableInfo.builder().tableName(ss[0]).partSpec(map).build(), job);
            } else if (ss.length == 3) {
                if (ss[1].isEmpty()) {
                    LinkedHashMap<String, String> map = convertPartSpecToMap(ss[2]);
                    OutputUtils.addTable(TableInfo.builder().tableName(ss[0]).partSpec(map).build(), job);
                } else {
                    LinkedHashMap<String, String> map = convertPartSpecToMap(ss[1]);
                    OutputUtils.addTable(TableInfo.builder().tableName(ss[0]).partSpec(map)
                                         .label(ss[2]).build(), job);
                }
            } else {
                System.err.println("Style of output: " + out + " is not right");
                System.exit(1);
            }
        }
        JobClient.runJob(job);
    }
}