计算排名。排名可能不连续。

使用限制

窗口函数的使用限制如下:

  • 窗口函数只能出现在select语句中。
  • 窗口函数中不能嵌套使用窗口函数和聚合函数。
  • 窗口函数不能和同级别的聚合函数一起使用。

命令格式

bigint rank() over ([partition_clause] [orderby_clause])

命令说明

计算当前行在分区中按照orderby_clause排序后所处的排名。从1开始计数。

参数说明

partition_clauseorderby_clause:详情请参见windowing_definition

返回值说明

返回BIGINT类型。返回值可能重复、且不连续。具体的返回值为该行数据所在GROUP的第一条数据的ROW_NUMBER()值。未指定orderby_clause时,返回结果全为1。

示例数据

为便于理解各函数的使用方法,本文为您提供源数据,基于源数据提供函数相关示例。创建表emp,并添加数据,命令示例如下:
create table if not exists emp
   (empno bigint,
    ename string,
    job string,
    mgr bigint,
    hiredate datetime,
    sal bigint,
    comm bigint,
    deptno bigint);
tunnel upload emp.txt emp;
emp.txt中的数据如下:
7369,SMITH,CLERK,7902,1980-12-17 00:00:00,800,,20
7499,ALLEN,SALESMAN,7698,1981-02-20 00:00:00,1600,300,30
7521,WARD,SALESMAN,7698,1981-02-22 00:00:00,1250,500,30
7566,JONES,MANAGER,7839,1981-04-02 00:00:00,2975,,20
7654,MARTIN,SALESMAN,7698,1981-09-28 00:00:00,1250,1400,30
7698,BLAKE,MANAGER,7839,1981-05-01 00:00:00,2850,,30
7782,CLARK,MANAGER,7839,1981-06-09 00:00:00,2450,,10
7788,SCOTT,ANALYST,7566,1987-04-19 00:00:00,3000,,20
7839,KING,PRESIDENT,,1981-11-17 00:00:00,5000,,10
7844,TURNER,SALESMAN,7698,1981-09-08 00:00:00,1500,0,30
7876,ADAMS,CLERK,7788,1987-05-23 00:00:00,1100,,20
7900,JAMES,CLERK,7698,1981-12-03 00:00:00,950,,30
7902,FORD,ANALYST,7566,1981-12-03 00:00:00,3000,,20
7934,MILLER,CLERK,7782,1982-01-23 00:00:00,1300,,10
7948,JACCKA,CLERK,7782,1981-04-12 00:00:00,5000,,10
7956,WELAN,CLERK,7649,1982-07-20 00:00:00,2450,,10
7956,TEBAGE,CLERK,7748,1982-12-30 00:00:00,1300,,10

示例

将所有职工根据部门(deptno)分组(作为开窗列),每个组内根据薪水(sal)做降序排序,获得职工自己组内的序号。命令示例如下:
select deptno, ename, sal, rank() over (partition by deptno order by sal desc) as nums from emp;
返回结果如下:
+------------+------------+------------+------------+
| deptno     | ename      | sal        | nums       |
+------------+------------+------------+------------+
| 10         | JACCKA     | 5000       | 1          |
| 10         | KING       | 5000       | 1          |
| 10         | CLARK      | 2450       | 3          |
| 10         | WELAN      | 2450       | 3          |
| 10         | TEBAGE     | 1300       | 5          |
| 10         | MILLER     | 1300       | 5          |
| 20         | SCOTT      | 3000       | 1          |
| 20         | FORD       | 3000       | 1          |
| 20         | JONES      | 2975       | 3          |
| 20         | ADAMS      | 1100       | 4          |
| 20         | SMITH      | 800        | 5          |
| 30         | BLAKE      | 2850       | 1          |
| 30         | ALLEN      | 1600       | 2          |
| 30         | TURNER     | 1500       | 3          |
| 30         | MARTIN     | 1250       | 4          |
| 30         | WARD       | 1250       | 4          |
| 30         | JAMES      | 950        | 6          |
+------------+------------+------------+------------+