RabbitMQ 是一个开源的 AMQP 实现,服务器端用 Erlang 语言编写,支持多种客户端,如:Python、Ruby、.NET、Java、JMS、C、PHP、ActionScript、XMPP、STOMP 等,支持 AJAX。用于在分布式系统中存储转发消息,在易用性、扩展性、高可用性等方面表现不俗。

部署方式

在阿里云服务器下部署 RabbitMQ 提供两种部署方式:

一般推荐镜像部署适合新手使用更加快捷方便,安装包部署以及手动部署适合对 Linux 命令有基本了解的用户,可以满足用户个性化部署的要求。本教程主要介绍镜像和手工部署的方式。

镜像部署

  1. 单击 RabbitMQ 环境 ( CentOS7.3 Erlang19.3 ) 进入镜像详情页。
  2. 单击 立即购买,按提示步骤购买 ECS 实例。
  3. 登录 ECS 管理控制台
  4. 在左侧导航栏中,单击 实例,进入 ECS 实例列表页。
  5. 选择所购 ECS 实例所在的地域,并找到所购 ECS 实例,在 IP 地址 列获取该实例的公网 IP 地址。
  6. 在浏览器地址栏中输入公网 IP 地址,下载操作文档。

  7. 使用 putty 登录 Linux 服务器,请参考 连接Linux实例;忘记 root 密码,请参考 重置实例密码
  8. 初始化 rabbitmq。
    cd /root/oneinstack
     ./init_rabbitmq.sh


  9. 进入管理页面,浏览器访问 http://公网IP:15672

手工部署

  • 系统平台:CentOS 7.3
  • rabbitmq版本:rabbitmq-server -3.6.9
  • erlang版本:erlang19.3
  • JDK版本:JDK1.8.0_121
前提准备
  1. 创建一般用户 rabbitmq,运行 rabbitmq。
    useradd rabbitmq
  2. 设置 Linux 主机名。

    CentOS 7 修改 /etc/hostname,CentOS 6 修改 /etc/sysconfig/network,下面以 CentOS 7 为例。

    echo rabbit1 > /etc/hostname
    hostname rabbit1
    exit  #退出重新登录


安装依赖包
yum -y install make gcc gcc-c++ m4 ncurses-devel openssl-devel unixODBC-devel


源代码下载
  • 下载 Erlang:wget http://erlang.org/download/otp_src_19.3.tar.gz
  • 下载 rabbitmq:wget https://www.rabbitmq.com/releases/rabbitmq-server/v3.6.9/rabbitmq-server-generic-unix-3.6.9.tar.xz
安装 Erlang
tar xzf otp_src_19.3.tar.gz #解压
cd otp_src_19.3
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/erlang --enable-shared-zlib --with-ssl --enable-threads --enable-smp-support --enable-kernel-poll --enable-hipe --without-javac
make && make install
解压 RabbitMQ
  1. 解压 rabbitmq-server-generic-unix-3.6.9.tar.xz 。
    tar xvJf rabbitmq-server-generic-unix-3.6.9.tar.xz
    mv rabbitmq_server-3.6.9  /usr/local/rabbitmq
  2. rabbitmq 环境变量配置。
    sed -i 's@^ERL_DIR=.*@ERL_DIR=/usr/local/erlang/bin/@' /usr/local/rabbitmq/sbin/rabbitmq-defaults
    sed -i 's@^LOG_BASE=.*@LOG_BASE=/usr/local/rabbitmq/var/log/rabbitmq@' /usr/local/rabbitmq/sbin/rabbitmq-defaults
    mkdir -p /usr/local/rabbitmq/var/{lib,log}/rabbitmq
  3. 一般用户(rabbitmq)运行 RabbitMQ。
    wget http://pkgs.fedoraproject.org/cgit/rpms/rabbitmq-server.git/plain/rabbitmq-script-wrapper
    sed -i 's@cd /var/lib/rabbitmq@cd /usr/local/rabbitmq/var/lib/rabbitmq@g' rabbitmq-script-wrapper  #更改rabbitmq数据存储目录
    sed -i 's@/usr/lib/rabbitmq/bin/@/usr/local/rabbitmq/sbin/@g' rabbitmq-script-wrapper
    chmod +x rabbitmq-script-wrapper
    cp rabbitmq-script-wrapper /usr/sbin/rabbitmqctl
    cp rabbitmq-script-wrapper /usr/sbin/rabbitmq-server
    cp rabbitmq-script-wrapper /usr/sbin/rabbitmq-plugins
    chown -R rabbitmq.rabbitmq /usr/local/rabbitmq/var
  4. rabbitmq 日志割接。
    cat >> /etc/logrotate.d/rabbitmq-server << EOF
    /usr/local/rabbitmq/var/log/rabbitmq/*.log {
    weekly
    missingok
    rotate 20
    compress
    delaycompress
    notifempty
    sharedscripts
    postrotate
     /sbin/service rabbitmq-server rotate-logs > /dev/null
    endscript
    }
    EOF
  5. rabbitmq 启动脚本。
    vi /etc/init.d/rabbitmq-server
    #!/bin/sh
    #
    # rabbitmq-server RabbitMQ broker
    #
    # chkconfig: - 80 05
    # description: Enable AMQP service provided by RabbitMQ
    #
    ### BEGIN INIT INFO
    # Provides:          rabbitmq-server
    # Required-Start:    $remote_fs $network
    # Required-Stop:     $remote_fs $network
    # Description:       RabbitMQ broker
    # Short-Description: Enable AMQP service provided by RabbitMQ broker
    ### END INIT INFO
    # Source function library.
    . /etc/init.d/functions
    PATH=/sbin:/usr/sbin:/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/erlang/bin
    NAME=rabbitmq-server
    DAEMON=/usr/sbin/${NAME}
    CONTROL=/usr/sbin/rabbitmqctl
    DESC=rabbitmq-server
    USER=rabbitmq
    ROTATE_SUFFIX=
    INIT_LOG_DIR=/usr/local/rabbitmq/var/log/rabbitmq
    PID_FILE=/var/run/rabbitmq/pid
    START_PROG="daemon"
    LOCK_FILE=/var/lock/subsys/$NAME
    test -x $DAEMON || exit 0
    test -x $CONTROL || exit 0
    RETVAL=0
    set -e
    [ -f /etc/default/${NAME} ] && . /etc/default/${NAME}
    [ -f /etc/sysconfig/${NAME} ] && . /etc/sysconfig/${NAME}
    ensure_pid_dir () {
     PID_DIR=`dirname ${PID_FILE}`
     if [ ! -d ${PID_DIR} ] ; then
         mkdir -p ${PID_DIR}
         chown -R ${USER}:${USER} ${PID_DIR}
         chmod 755 ${PID_DIR}
     fi
    }
    remove_pid () {
     rm -f ${PID_FILE}
     rmdir `dirname ${PID_FILE}` || :
    }
    start_rabbitmq () {
     status_rabbitmq quiet
     if [ $RETVAL = 0 ] ; then
         echo RabbitMQ is currently running
     else
         RETVAL=0
         # RABBIT_NOFILES_LIMIT from /etc/sysconfig/rabbitmq-server is not handled
         # automatically
         if [ "$RABBITMQ_NOFILES_LIMIT" ]; then
                 ulimit -n $RABBITMQ_NOFILES_LIMIT
         fi
         ensure_pid_dir
         set +e
         RABBITMQ_PID_FILE=$PID_FILE $START_PROG $DAEMON \
             > "${INIT_LOG_DIR}/startup_log" \
             2> "${INIT_LOG_DIR}/startup_err" \
             0<&- &
         $CONTROL wait $PID_FILE >/dev/null 2>&1
         RETVAL=$?
         set -e
         case "$RETVAL" in
             0)
                 echo SUCCESS
                 if [ -n "$LOCK_FILE" ] ; then
                     touch $LOCK_FILE
                 fi
                 ;;
             *)
                 remove_pid
                 echo FAILED - check ${INIT_LOG_DIR}/startup_\{log, _err\}
                 RETVAL=1
                 ;;
         esac
     fi
    }
    stop_rabbitmq () {
     status_rabbitmq quiet
     if [ $RETVAL = 0 ] ; then
         set +e
         $CONTROL stop ${PID_FILE} > ${INIT_LOG_DIR}/shutdown_log 2> ${INIT_LOG_DIR}/shutdown_err
         RETVAL=$?
         set -e
         if [ $RETVAL = 0 ] ; then
             remove_pid
             if [ -n "$LOCK_FILE" ] ; then
                 rm -f $LOCK_FILE
             fi
         else
             echo FAILED - check ${INIT_LOG_DIR}/shutdown_log, _err
         fi
     else
         echo RabbitMQ is not running
         RETVAL=0
     fi
    }
    status_rabbitmq() {
     set +e
     if [ "$1" != "quiet" ] ; then
         $CONTROL status 2>&1
     else
         $CONTROL status > /dev/null 2>&1
     fi
     if [ $? != 0 ] ; then
         RETVAL=3
     fi
     set -e
    }
    rotate_logs_rabbitmq() {
     set +e
     $CONTROL rotate_logs ${ROTATE_SUFFIX}
     if [ $? != 0 ] ; then
         RETVAL=1
     fi
     set -e
    }
    restart_running_rabbitmq () {
     status_rabbitmq quiet
     if [ $RETVAL = 0 ] ; then
         restart_rabbitmq
     else
         echo RabbitMQ is not runnning
         RETVAL=0
     fi
    }
    restart_rabbitmq() {
     stop_rabbitmq
     start_rabbitmq
    }
    case "$1" in
     start)
         echo -n "Starting $DESC: "
         start_rabbitmq
         echo "$NAME."
         ;;
     stop)
         echo -n "Stopping $DESC: "
         stop_rabbitmq
         echo "$NAME."
         ;;
     status)
         status_rabbitmq
         ;;
     rotate-logs)
         echo -n "Rotating log files for $DESC: "
         rotate_logs_rabbitmq
         ;;
     force-reload|reload|restart)
         echo -n "Restarting $DESC: "
         restart_rabbitmq
         echo "$NAME."
         ;;
     try-restart)
         echo -n "Restarting $DESC: "
         restart_running_rabbitmq
         echo "$NAME."
         ;;
     *)
         echo "Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|rotate-logs|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload}" >&2
         RETVAL=1
         ;;
    esac
    exit $RETVAL

    保存后,添加执行权限,并设置自启动。

    chmod +x /etc/init.d/rabbitmq-server
    chkconfig --add rabbitmq-server
    chkconfig rabbitmq-server on
  6. 修改 rabbitmq.config。

    特别注意默认用户名密码,请自行修改 default_user,default_pass,loopback_users。

    cat > /usr/local/rabbitmq/etc/rabbitmq/rabbitmq.config << EOF
    [
    {rabbit, [
     {tcp_listeners,[{"0.0.0.0",5672}]},
     {tcp_listen_options, [binary, {packet,raw},
                                   {reuseaddr,true},
                                   {backlog,128},
                                   {nodelay,true},
                                   {exit_on_close,false},
                                   {keepalive,true}]},
     {default_vhost,       <<"/">>},
     {default_user,        <<"guest">>},
     {default_pass,        <<"guest">>},
     {loopback_users, ["guest"]},
     {default_permissions, [<<".*">>, <<".*">>, <<".*">>]}
    ]}
    ].
    EOF
  7. 开启 rabbitmq manager。
    cat > /usr/local/rabbitmq/etc/rabbitmq/enabled_plugins << EOF
    [rabbitmq_management].
    EOF
  8. 启动 rabbitmq。
    service rabbitmq-server start


  9. 进入管理页面。

    浏览器访问 http://公网IP:15672。



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