云数据库MongoDB设置了sslAllowConnectionsWithoutCertificates,使用SSL连接客户端时不需要证书 ,但需要配置Ca验证服务器证书,同时忽略域名检测。

设置SSL加密请参见SSL加密

Node.js SSL连接示例

相关链接MongoDB Node.js Driver

示例代码

将/?ssl = true添加到客户端URI的末尾,sslCA指向ca证书路径,checkServerIndentity设置为false,忽略域名检测。

var MongoClient = require('mongodb').MongoClient,
  f = require('util').format,
  fs = require('fs');

// Read the certificate authority
var ca = [fs.readFileSync(__dirname + "/path/to/ca.pem")];

// Connect validating the returned certificates from the server
MongoClient.connect("mongodb://host01:27017,host02:27017,host03:27017/?replicaSet=myreplset&ssl=true", {
  server: {
      sslValidate:true,
      checkServerIdentity:false,#ignore host name validation
      sslCA:ca
  }
}, function(err, db) {
  db.close();
});

PHP SSL连接示例

相关链接MongoDB PHP Driver

示例代码

PHP使用MongoDB\Client::__construct创建client实例。其包含三组参数:$uri、$uriOptions和$driverOptions。

function __construct($uri = 'mongodb://127.0.0.1/', array $uriOptions = [], array $driverOptions = [])

通过$uriOptions设置ssl为true,启用ssl连接。通过$driverOptions设置ca_file指向ca证书路径。allow_invalid_hostname设置为true,忽略域名检测。

<?php
$client = new MongoDB\Client(
    'mongodb://host01:27017,host02:27017,host03:27017',
    [   'ssl' => true,
        'replicaSet' => 'myReplicaSet'
    ],
    [
        "ca_file" => "/path/to/ca.pem",
        "allow_invalid_hostname" => true

    ]
);
?>

Java SSL连接示例

相关链接MongoDB Java Driver

示例代码

将MongoClientOptions设置sslEnabled为True,启用ssl连接。将sslInvalidHostNameAllowed设置为true,忽略域名检测。

import com.mongodb.MongoClientURI;
import com.mongodb.MongoClientOptions;
MongoClientOptions options
= MongoClientOptions.builder().sslEnabled(true).sslInvalidHostNameAllowed(true).build();
MongoClient client = new MongoClient("mongodb://host01:27017,host02:27017,host03:27017/?replicaSet=myreplset", options);

java设置ca证书,需要使用keytool工具:

keytool -importcert -trustcacerts -file <path to certificate authority file> 
        -keystore <path to trust store> -storepass <password>

在程序中设置JVM 系统属性以指向正确的信任库和密钥库。

System.setProperty("javax.net.ssl.trustStore","/trust/mongoStore.ts");
System.setProperty("javax.net.ssl.trustStorePassword","StorePass");

Python SSL连接示例

相关链接MongoDB Python Driver

示例代码

设置ssl=True启用ssl连接,ssl_ca_certs参数用来指向ca文件路径,ssl_match_hostname设置为False,忽略域名检测。

import ssl
from pymongo import MongoClient

uri = "mongodb://host01:27017,host02:27017,host03:27017/?replicaSet=myreplset"
client = MongoClient(uri,
                     ssl=True,
                     ssl_ca_certs='ca.pem',
                     ssl_match_hostname=False)

C SSL连接示例

相关链接MongoDB C Driver

示例代码

将/?ssl = true添加到客户端URI的末尾,C使用mongoc_ssl_opt_t来配置ssl选项,ca_file指向ca证书路径。将allow_invalid_hostname设置为false,忽略域名检测。

mongoc_client_t *client = NULL;
client = mongoc_client_new (
      "mongodb://host01:27017,host02:27017,host03:27017/?replicaSet=myreplset&ssl=true");
const mongoc_ssl_opt_t *ssl_default = mongoc_ssl_opt_get_default ();
mongoc_ssl_opt_t ssl_opts = { 0 };

/* optionally copy in a custom trust directory or file; otherwise the default is used. */
memcpy (&ssl_opts, ssl_default, sizeof ssl_opts);
ssl_opts.ca_file = "/path/to/ca.pem"
ssl_opts.allow_invalid_hostname = false
mongoc_client_set_ssl_opts (client, &ssl_opts);

C ++ SSL连接示例

相关链接MongoDB C++ Driver

示例代码

将/?ssl = true添加到客户端URI的末尾。C++通过 mongocxx::options::ssl 设置SSL参数,ca_file参数用来指定ca文件路径。

说明 mongocxx驱动现不支持忽略域名检测。
#include <mongocxx/client.hpp>
#include <mongocxx/uri.hpp>
#include <mongocxx/options/client.hpp>
#include <mongocxx/options/ssl.hpp>

mongocxx::options::client client_options;
mongocxx::options::ssl ssl_options;

// If the server certificate is not signed by a well-known CA,
// you can set a custom CA file with the `ca_file` option.
ssl_options.ca_file("/path/to/ca.pem");

client_options.ssl_opts(ssl_options);

auto client = mongocxx::client{
    uri{"mongodb://host01:27017,host02:27017,host03:27017/?replicaSet=myreplset&ssl=true"}, client_opts};

Scala SSL连接示例

相关链接MongoDB Scala Driver

示例代码

Scala驱动程序使用Netty提供的SSL底层支持与MongoDB服务器进行SSL连接。其中,将MongoClientOptions设置sslEnabled为True,启用ssl连接;将sslInvalidHostNameAllowed设置为true,忽略域名检测。

import org.mongodb.scala.connection.{NettyStreamFactoryFactory, SslSettings}

MongoClientSettings.builder()
                   .sslSettings(SslSettings.builder()
                                           .enabled(true)                 
                                           .invalidHostNameAllowed(true)  
                                           .build())                      
                   .streamFactoryFactory(NettyStreamFactoryFactory())
                   .build()
val client: MongoClient = MongoClient("mongodb://host01:27017,host02:27017,host03:27017/?replicaSet=myreplset")

scala设置ca证书与java相同,同样需要使用keytool工具。

keytool -importcert -trustcacerts -file <path to certificate authority file> 
        -keystore <path to trust store> -storepass <password>

在程序中设置JVM 系统属性以指向正确的信任库和密钥库。

System.setProperty("javax.net.ssl.trustStore","/trust/mongoStore.ts");
System.setProperty("javax.net.ssl.trustStorePassword","StorePass");

Golang SSL连接示例

相关链接MongoDB Golang DriverCrypto tls package

示例代码

Golang驱动程序使用crypto/tls包提供的SSL底层支持与MongoDB服务器进行SSL连接。其中,Config结构用来配置ssl选项 ;RootCAs用来指定ca证书;InsecureSkipVerify设置为true,忽略域名检测。

import (
    "crypto/tls"
    "crypto/x509"
    "gopkg.in/mgo.v2
)
rootPEM, err := ioutil.ReadFile("path/to/ca.pem")
roots := x509.NewCertPool()
ok := roots.AppendCertsFromPEM([]byte(rootPEM)
tlsConfig := &tls.Config{
                  RootCAs: roots,
       InsecureSkipVerify: true
}
url := "mongodb://host01:27017,host02:27017,host03:27017/?replicaSet=myreplset&ssl=true"
dialInfo, err := ParseURL(url)
dialInfo.DialServer = func(addr *ServerAddr) (net.Conn, error) {
    return tls.Dial("tcp", addr.String(), tlsConfig)
}

session, err := DialWithInfo(dialInfo)
if err != nil {
    panic(err)
}
session.Close()