OSS ON云盒快速入门

更新时间: 2023-09-25 14:04:31

通过OSS ON云盒,您可以对本地数据进行数据监控、数据处理等操作。OSS ON云盒适用于业务要求低延时、多分支机构统一管理等场景。本文介绍OSS ON云盒的基本操作,包括创建云盒Bucket、在Bucket中上传文件(Object)以及下载Object。

前提条件

  • 华东1(杭州)、华南1(深圳)、华南2(河源)、华北2(北京)、西南1(成都)地域支持使用OSS ON云盒服务。

  • 已购买云盒。具体操作,请参见购买云盒

步骤一:创建云盒Bucket

使用OSS控制台

  1. 登录OSS管理控制台

  2. 在左侧导航栏,单击云盒Bucket,然后单击左上角的创建Bucket

  3. 创建Bucket页面,填写Bucket名称,其他参数保留默认配置,然后单击确定

    Bucket名称的命名规则如下:

    • 指定的Bucket名称不能与云盒中已存在Bucket名称重复。

    • 只能包括小写字母、数字和短划线(-)。
    • 必须以小写字母或者数字开头和结尾。
    • 长度必须在3~63字符之间。

使用Java SDK

仅支持通过Java SDK创建云盒Bucket,Java SDK要求3.15.0及以上版本。

import com.aliyun.oss.ClientException;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSS;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSSClientBuilder;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSSException;
import com.aliyun.oss.model.CreateBucketRequest;
import com.aliyun.oss.common.auth.DefaultCredentialProvider;
import com.aliyun.oss.common.comm.SignVersion;
import com.aliyun.oss.ClientBuilderConfiguration;
import com.aliyun.oss.common.auth.CredentialsProviderFactory;
import com.aliyun.oss.common.auth.EnvironmentVariableCredentialsProvider;

public class Demo {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        // 填写云盒Bucket的数据域名。
        String endpoint = "https://cb-f8z7yvzgwfkl9q0h****.cn-hangzhou.oss-cloudbox.aliyuncs.com";
        // 从环境变量中获取访问凭证。运行本代码示例之前,请确保已设置环境变量OSS_ACCESS_KEY_ID和OSS_ACCESS_KEY_SECRET。
        EnvironmentVariableCredentialsProvider credentialsProvider = CredentialsProviderFactory.newEnvironmentVariableCredentialsProvider();
        // 填写云盒Bucket名称,例如examplebucket。
        String bucketName = "examplebucket";
        // 填写云盒Bucket所在地域。
        String region = "cn-hangzhou";
        // 填写云盒ID。
        String cloudBoxId = "cb-f8z7yvzgwfkl9q0h****";


        // 创建OSSClient实例。
        ClientBuilderConfiguration conf = new ClientBuilderConfiguration();
        conf.setSignatureVersion(SignVersion.V4);
        OSS ossClient = OSSClientBuilder.create()
                .endpoint(endpoint)
                .credentialsProvider(new DefaultCredentialProvider(credentialsProvider.getCredentials()))
                .clientConfiguration(conf)
                .region(region)
                .cloudBoxId(cloudBoxId)
                .build();

        try {
            // 创建CreateBucketRequest对象。
            CreateBucketRequest createBucketRequest = new CreateBucketRequest(bucketName);            
                       
            // 设置云盒Bucket的读写权限为公共读,默认为私有。
            //createBucketRequest.setCannedACL(CannedAccessControlList.PublicRead);

            // 创建云盒Bucket。
            ossClient.createBucket(createBucketRequest);
        } catch (OSSException oe) {
            System.out.println("Caught an OSSException, which means your request made it to OSS, "
                    + "but was rejected with an error response for some reason.");
            System.out.println("Error Message:" + oe.getErrorMessage());
            System.out.println("Error Code:" + oe.getErrorCode());
            System.out.println("Request ID:" + oe.getRequestId());
            System.out.println("Host ID:" + oe.getHostId());
        } catch (ClientException ce) {
            System.out.println("Caught an ClientException, which means the client encountered "
                    + "a serious internal problem while trying to communicate with OSS, "
                    + "such as not being able to access the network.");
            System.out.println("Error Message:" + ce.getMessage());
        } finally {
            if (ossClient != null) {
                ossClient.shutdown();
            }
        }
    }
}

使用命令行工具ossutil

关于使用ossutil创建云盒Bucket的具体步骤,请参见mb(创建存储空间)

使用REST API

如果您的程序自定义要求较高,您可以直接发起REST API请求。直接发起REST API请求需要手动编写代码计算签名。更多信息,请参见PutBucket

步骤二:上传Object

使用Java SDK

仅支持通过Java SDK将本地文件上传至云盒Bucket,Java SDK要求3.15.0及以上版本。

import com.aliyun.oss.ClientException;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSS;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSSClientBuilder;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSSException;
import com.aliyun.oss.model.PutObjectRequest;
import java.io.File;
import com.aliyun.oss.common.auth.DefaultCredentialProvider;
import com.aliyun.oss.common.comm.SignVersion;
import com.aliyun.oss.ClientBuilderConfiguration;
import com.aliyun.oss.common.auth.CredentialsProviderFactory;
import com.aliyun.oss.common.auth.EnvironmentVariableCredentialsProvider;

public class Demo {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        // 填写云盒Bucket的数据域名。
        String endpoint = "https://cb-f8z7yvzgwfkl9q0h****.cn-hangzhou.oss-cloudbox.aliyuncs.com";
        // 从环境变量中获取访问凭证。运行本代码示例之前,请确保已设置环境变量OSS_ACCESS_KEY_ID和OSS_ACCESS_KEY_SECRET。
        EnvironmentVariableCredentialsProvider credentialsProvider = CredentialsProviderFactory.newEnvironmentVariableCredentialsProvider();
        // 填写云盒Bucket名称,例如examplebucket。
        String bucketName = "examplebucket";
        // 填写云盒Bucket所在地域。
        String region = "cn-hangzhou";
        // 填写云盒ID。
        String cloudBoxId = "cb-f8z7yvzgwfkl9q0h****";
        // 填写Object完整路径,完整路径中不能包含Bucket名称,例如exampledir/exampleobject.txt。
        String objectName = "exampledir/exampleobject.txt";
        // 填写本地文件的完整路径,例如D:\\localpath\\examplefile.txt。
        // 如果未指定本地路径,则默认从示例程序所属项目对应本地路径中上传文件。
        String filePath= "D:\\localpath\\examplefile.txt";

        // 创建OSSClient实例。
        ClientBuilderConfiguration conf = new ClientBuilderConfiguration();
        conf.setSignatureVersion(SignVersion.V4);
        OSS ossClient = OSSClientBuilder.create()
                .endpoint(endpoint)
                .credentialsProvider(new DefaultCredentialProvider(credentialsProvider.getCredentials()))
                .clientConfiguration(conf)
                .region(region)
                .cloudBoxId(cloudBoxId)
                .build();

        try {
            // 创建PutObjectRequest对象。
            PutObjectRequest putObjectRequest = new PutObjectRequest(bucketName, objectName, new File(filePath));
            // 如果需要上传时设置存储类型和访问权限,请参考以下示例代码。
            // ObjectMetadata metadata = new ObjectMetadata();
            // metadata.setHeader(OSSHeaders.OSS_STORAGE_CLASS, StorageClass.Standard.toString());
            // metadata.setObjectAcl(CannedAccessControlList.Private);
            // putObjectRequest.setMetadata(metadata);

            // 上传文件。
            ossClient.putObject(putObjectRequest);
        } catch (OSSException oe) {
            System.out.println("Caught an OSSException, which means your request made it to OSS, "
                    + "but was rejected with an error response for some reason.");
            System.out.println("Error Message:" + oe.getErrorMessage());
            System.out.println("Error Code:" + oe.getErrorCode());
            System.out.println("Request ID:" + oe.getRequestId());
            System.out.println("Host ID:" + oe.getHostId());
        } catch (ClientException ce) {
            System.out.println("Caught an ClientException, which means the client encountered "
                    + "a serious internal problem while trying to communicate with OSS, "
                    + "such as not being able to access the network.");
            System.out.println("Error Message:" + ce.getMessage());
        } finally {
            if (ossClient != null) {
                ossClient.shutdown();
            }
        }
    }
}

使用命令行工具ossutil

关于使用ossutil简单上传的具体操作, 请参见简单上传

使用REST API

如果您的程序自定义要求较高,您可以直接发起REST API请求。直接发起REST API请求需要手动编写代码计算签名。更多信息,请参见PutObject

步骤三:下载Object

使用Java SDK

仅支持通过Java SDK下载Object,Java SDK要求3.15.0及以上版本。

package com.aliyun.oss.demo;

import com.aliyun.oss.ClientException;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSS;
import com.aliyun.oss.common.auth.*;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSSClientBuilder;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSSException;
import com.aliyun.oss.model.GetObjectRequest;
import java.io.File;
import com.aliyun.oss.common.auth.DefaultCredentialProvider;
import com.aliyun.oss.common.comm.SignVersion;
import com.aliyun.oss.ClientBuilderConfiguration;
import com.aliyun.oss.common.auth.CredentialsProviderFactory;
import com.aliyun.oss.common.auth.EnvironmentVariableCredentialsProvider;

public class Demo {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        // 填写云盒Bucket的数据域名。
        String endpoint = "https://cb-f8z7yvzgwfkl9q0h****.cn-hangzhou.oss-cloudbox.aliyuncs.com";
        // 从环境变量中获取访问凭证。运行本代码示例之前,请确保已设置环境变量OSS_ACCESS_KEY_ID和OSS_ACCESS_KEY_SECRET。
        EnvironmentVariableCredentialsProvider credentialsProvider = CredentialsProviderFactory.newEnvironmentVariableCredentialsProvider();
        // 填写云盒Bucket名称,例如examplebucket。
        String bucketName = "examplebucket";
        // 填写云盒Bucket所在地域。
        String region = "cn-hangzhou";
        // 填写云盒ID。
        String cloudBoxId = "cb-f8z7yvzgwfkl9q0h****";
        // 填写Object完整路径,完整路径中不能包含Bucket名称,例如exampledir/exampleobject.txt。
        String objectName = "exampledir/exampleobject.txt";
        // 填写本地文件完整路径。
        String pathName = "D:\\localpath\\examplefile.txt";

        // 创建OSSClient实例。
        ClientBuilderConfiguration conf = new ClientBuilderConfiguration();
        conf.setSignatureVersion(SignVersion.V4);
        OSS ossClient = OSSClientBuilder.create()
                .endpoint(endpoint)
                .credentialsProvider(new DefaultCredentialProvider(credentialsProvider.getCredentials()))
                .clientConfiguration(conf)
                .region(region)
                .cloudBoxId(cloudBoxId)
                .build();

        try {
            // 下载Object到本地文件,并保存到指定的本地路径中。如果指定的本地文件存在会覆盖,不存在则新建。
            // 如果未指定本地路径,则下载后的文件默认保存到示例程序所属项目对应本地路径中。
            ossClient.getObject(new GetObjectRequest(bucketName, objectName), new File(pathName));
        } catch (OSSException oe) {
            System.out.println("Caught an OSSException, which means your request made it to OSS, "
                    + "but was rejected with an error response for some reason.");
            System.out.println("Error Message:" + oe.getErrorMessage());
            System.out.println("Error Code:" + oe.getErrorCode());
            System.out.println("Request ID:" + oe.getRequestId());
            System.out.println("Host ID:" + oe.getHostId());
        } catch (ClientException ce) {
            System.out.println("Caught an ClientException, which means the client encountered "
                    + "a serious internal problem while trying to communicate with OSS, "
                    + "such as not being able to access the network.");
            System.out.println("Error Message:" + ce.getMessage());
        } finally {
            if (ossClient != null) {
                ossClient.shutdown();
            }
        }
    }
}

使用命令行工具ossutil

关于使用ossutil简单下载的具体操作, 请参见cp(下载文件)

使用REST API

如果您的程序自定义要求较高,您可以直接发起REST API请求。直接发起REST API请求需要手动编写代码计算签名。更多信息,请参见GetObject

阿里云首页 对象存储 OSS 相关技术圈