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安装ROS CDK

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本文从Linux、Windows和macOS平台为您介绍如何安装阿里云ROS CDK。

前提条件

请确保Node.js和TypeScript满足以下版本要求:

  • Node.js:14.17.0及以上。

  • TypeScript:3.8及以上。

在Linux平台安装ROS CDK

以下示例将在CentOS 8.2 64位的系统上安装ROS CDK。

  1. 执行以下命令,安装Node.js、npm、tsc、lerna。

    # 由于ROS CDK使用TypeScript开发,因此需要安装相关软件包。
    sudo yum install -y nodejs npm
    sudo npm install typescript -g
    sudo npm install lerna -g
    说明

    使用以上命令安装的Node.js版本不符合要求时,您可以进入Node.js官网下载对应版本进行安装。

  2. 执行以下命令,安装CLI。

    sudo npm install @alicloud/ros-cdk-cli -g
  3. 执行以下命令,查看ROS CDK功能列表。

    sudo ros-cdk

    执行命令后,输出以下内容:

    Usage: ros-cdk COMMAND
    
    Commands:
      ros-cdk init [TEMPLATE]         Create a new, empty CDK project from a
                                      template. Invoked without TEMPLATE, the app
                                      template will be used.
      ros-cdk list [STACKS..]         Lists all stacks in the app      [aliases: ls]
      ros-cdk synthesize [STACKS..]   Synthesizes and prints the ROS template for
                                      this stack                    [aliases: synth]
      ros-cdk deploy [STACKS..]       Deploys the stack(s) named STACKS to ROS into
                                      your alicloud account
      ros-cdk diff [STACKS..]         Compares the specified stack with the deployed
                                      stack or a local template file, and returns
                                      with status 1 if any difference is found
      ros-cdk destroy [STACKS..]      Destroy the stack(s) named STACKS
      ros-cdk event [STACK..]         Get resource events within the resource STACK
      ros-cdk resource [STACKS..]     Get resources in the resource STACKS
      ros-cdk list-stacks [STACKS..]  Get resources in the resource STACKS
      ros-cdk load-config             Load Aliyun CLI config to CDK.
      ros-cdk config                  Set your alicloud account configuration.
    
    Options:
      --json, -j       Use JSON output instead of YAML when templates are printed to
                       STDOUT                             [boolean] [default: false]
      --ignore-errors  Ignores synthesis errors, which will likely produce an
                       invalid output                     [boolean] [default: false]
      --trace          Print trace for stack warnings                      [boolean]
      --strict         Do not construct stacks with warnings               [boolean]
      --version        Show version number                                 [boolean]
      -h, --help       Show help                                           [boolean]
    
    If your app has a single stack, there is no need to specify the stack name
    
    If one of cdk.json or ~/.cdk.json exists, options specified there will be used
    as defaults. Settings in cdk.json take precedence.

在Windows平台安装ROS CDK

以下示例将在Windows2016 64位的系统上安装ROS CDK。

  1. 安装Node.js。

    1. 访问Node.js官网,下载Node.js安装包。

    2. 据界面提示,安装Node.js。

    3. 在cmd命令提示符窗口中执行以下命令,验证Node.js版本。

      node --version
      v14.17.0
  2. 执行以下命令,安装tsc、lerna。

    # 由于ROS CDK使用TypeScript开发,因此需要安装相关软件包。
    npm install typescript -g
    npm install lerna -g
  3. 执行以下命令,安装CLI。

    npm install @alicloud/ros-cdk-cli -g
  4. 执行以下命令,查看ROS CDK功能列表。

    ros-cdk

    执行命令后,输出以下内容:

    Usage: ros-cdk COMMAND
    
    Commands:
      ros-cdk init [TEMPLATE]         Create a new, empty CDK project from a
                                      template. Invoked without TEMPLATE, the app
                                      template will be used.
      ros-cdk list [STACKS..]         Lists all stacks in the app      [aliases: ls]
      ros-cdk synthesize [STACKS..]   Synthesizes and prints the ROS template for
                                      this stack                    [aliases: synth]
      ros-cdk deploy [STACKS..]       Deploys the stack(s) named STACKS to ROS into
                                      your alicloud account
      ros-cdk diff [STACKS..]         Compares the specified stack with the deployed
                                      stack or a local template file, and returns
                                      with status 1 if any difference is found
      ros-cdk destroy [STACKS..]      Destroy the stack(s) named STACKS
      ros-cdk event [STACK..]         Get resource events within the resource STACK
      ros-cdk resource [STACKS..]     Get resources in the resource STACKS
      ros-cdk list-stacks [STACKS..]  Get resources in the resource STACKS
      ros-cdk load-config             Load Aliyun CLI config to CDK.
      ros-cdk config                  Set your alicloud account configuration.
    
    Options:
      --json, -j       Use JSON output instead of YAML when templates are printed to
                       STDOUT                             [boolean] [default: false]
      --ignore-errors  Ignores synthesis errors, which will likely produce an
                       invalid output                     [boolean] [default: false]
      --trace          Print trace for stack warnings                      [boolean]
      --strict         Do not construct stacks with warnings               [boolean]
      --version        Show version number                                 [boolean]
      -h, --help       Show help                                           [boolean]
    
    If your app has a single stack, there is no need to specify the stack name
    
    If one of cdk.json or ~/.cdk.json exists, options specified there will be used
    as defaults. Settings in cdk.json take precedence.

在macOS平台安装ROS CDK

以下示例将在macOS 11.2.2 64位的系统上安装ROS CDK。

  1. 执行以下命令,安装brew、Node.js、npm、tsc、lerna。

    sudo curl -LsSf http://github.com/mxcl/homebrew/tarball/master | sudo tar xvz -C/usr/local --strip 1
    sudo brew install nodejs
    sudo npm install typescript -g
    sudo npm install lerna -g
    说明

    使用以上命令安装的Node.js版本不符合要求时,您可以进入Node.js官网下载对应版本进行安装。

  2. 执行以下命令,安装CLI。

    sudo npm install @alicloud/ros-cdk-cli -g
  3. 执行以下命令,查看ROS CDK功能列表。

    sudo ros-cdk

    执行命令后,输出以下内容:

    Usage: ros-cdk COMMAND
    
    Commands:
      ros-cdk init [TEMPLATE]         Create a new, empty CDK project from a
                                      template. Invoked without TEMPLATE, the app
                                      template will be used.
      ros-cdk list [STACKS..]         Lists all stacks in the app      [aliases: ls]
      ros-cdk synthesize [STACKS..]   Synthesizes and prints the ROS template for
                                      this stack                    [aliases: synth]
      ros-cdk deploy [STACKS..]       Deploys the stack(s) named STACKS to ROS into
                                      your alicloud account
      ros-cdk diff [STACKS..]         Compares the specified stack with the deployed
                                      stack or a local template file, and returns
                                      with status 1 if any difference is found
      ros-cdk destroy [STACKS..]      Destroy the stack(s) named STACKS
      ros-cdk event [STACK..]         Get resource events within the resource STACK
      ros-cdk resource [STACKS..]     Get resources in the resource STACKS
      ros-cdk list-stacks [STACKS..]  Get resources in the resource STACKS
      ros-cdk load-config             Load Aliyun CLI config to CDK.
      ros-cdk config                  Set your alicloud account configuration.
    
    Options:
      --json, -j       Use JSON output instead of YAML when templates are printed to
                       STDOUT                             [boolean] [default: false]
      --ignore-errors  Ignores synthesis errors, which will likely produce an
                       invalid output                     [boolean] [default: false]
      --trace          Print trace for stack warnings                      [boolean]
      --strict         Do not construct stacks with warnings               [boolean]
      --version        Show version number                                 [boolean]
      -h, --help       Show help                                           [boolean]
    
    If your app has a single stack, there is no need to specify the stack name
    
    If one of cdk.json or ~/.cdk.json exists, options specified there will be used
    as defaults. Settings in cdk.json take precedence.
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