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授权信息

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访问控制(RAM)是阿里云提供的管理用户身份与资源访问权限的服务。使用RAM可以让您避免与其他用户共享阿里云账号密钥,并可按需为用户授予最小权限。RAM中使用权限策略描述授权的具体内容。
本文为您介绍服务目录(servicecatalog)为RAM权限策略定义的操作(Action)、资源(Resource)和条件(Condition)。服务目录(servicecatalog)的RAM代码(RamCode)为servicecatalog,支持的授权粒度为RESOURCE

权限策略通用结构

权限策略支持JSON格式,其通用结构如下:
{
  "Version": "1",
  "Statement": [
    {
      "Effect": "<Effect>",
      "Action": "<Action>",
      "Resource": "<Resource>",
      "Condition": {
        "<Condition_operator>": {
          "<Condition_key>": [
            "<Condition_value>"
          ]
        }
      }
    }
  ]
}
各字段含义如下:
  • Effect:权限策略效果。取值:Allow(允许)、Deny(拒绝)。
  • Action:授予允许或拒绝权限的具体操作。具体信息,请参见操作(Action)
  • Resource:受操作影响的具体对象,您可以使用资源ARN来描述指定资源。具体信息,请参见资源(Resource)
  • Condition:指授权生效的条件。可选字段。具体信息,请参见条件(Condition)
    • Condition_operator:条件运算符,不同类型的条件对应不同的条件运算符。具体信息,请参见权限策略基本元素
    • Condition_key:条件关键字。
    • Condition_value:条件关键字对应的值。

操作(Action)

下表是服务目录(servicecatalog)定义的操作,这些操作可以在RAM权限策略语句的Action元素中使用,用来授予执行该操作的权限。下面对表中的具体项提供说明:
  • 操作:是指具体的权限点。
  • API:是指操作对应的API接口。
  • 访问级别:是指每个操作的访问级别,取值为写入(Write)、读取(Read)或列出(List)。
  • 资源类型:是指操作中支持授权的资源类型。具体说明如下:
    • 对于必选的资源类型,用背景高亮的方式表示。
    • 对于不支持资源级授权的操作,用全部资源表示。
  • 条件关键字:是指云产品自身定义的条件关键字。该列不体现适用于任何操作的通用条件关键字
  • 关联操作:是指成功执行操作所需要的其他权限。操作者必须同时具备关联操作的权限,操作才能成功。
操作API访问级别资源类型条件关键字关联操作
servicecatalog:ApproveProvisionedProductPlanApproveProvisionedProductPlanWrite
ProvisionedProduct
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:provisionedproduct/{#ProvisionedProductId}
servicecatalog:ApprovalActor
servicecatalog:AssociatePrincipalWithPortfolioAssociatePrincipalWithPortfolioWrite
Portfolio
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:portfolio/{#PortfolioId}
servicecatalog:AssociateProductWithPortfolioAssociateProductWithPortfolioWrite
Product
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:product/{#ProductId}
Portfolio
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:portfolio/{#PortfolioId}
servicecatalog:AssociateTagOptionWithResourceAssociateTagOptionWithResourceRead
Portfolio
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:portfolio/{#portfolioId}
Product
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:product/{#productId}
servicecatalog:CancelProvisionedProductPlanCancelProvisionedProductPlanWrite
ProvisionedProduct
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:provisionedproduct/{#ProvisionedProductId}
servicecatalog:UserLevel
servicecatalog:CreateConstraintCreateConstraintWrite
Portfolio
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:portfolio/{#PortfolioId}
Product
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:product/{#ProductId}
servicecatalog:CreatePortfolioCreatePortfolioWrite
Portfolio
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:portfolio/*
servicecatalog:CreateProductCreateProductWrite
Product
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:product/*
servicecatalog:CreateProductVersionCreateProductVersionWrite
Product
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:product/{#ProductId}
servicecatalog:CreateProvisionedProductPlanCreateProvisionedProductPlanWrite
ProvisionedProduct
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:provisionedproduct/*
Product
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:product/{#ProductId}
servicecatalog:UserLevel
servicecatalog:CreateTagOptionCreateTagOptionWrite
全部资源
*
servicecatalog:CreateTemplateCreateTemplateWrite
Product
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:product/*
servicecatalog:DeleteConstraintDeleteConstraintWrite
Portfolio
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:portfolio/{#PortfolioId}
servicecatalog:DeletePortfolioDeletePortfolioWrite
Portfolio
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:portfolio/{#PortfolioId}
servicecatalog:DeleteProductDeleteProductWrite
Product
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:product/{#ProductId}
servicecatalog:DeleteProductVersionDeleteProductVersionWrite
Product
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:product/{#ProductId}
servicecatalog:DeleteProvisionedProductPlanDeleteProvisionedProductPlanWrite
ProvisionedProduct
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:provisionedproduct/{#ProvisionedProductId}
servicecatalog:UserLevel
servicecatalog:DisassociatePrincipalFromPortfolioDisassociatePrincipalFromPortfolioWrite
Portfolio
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:portfolio/{#PortfolioId}
servicecatalog:DisassociateProductFromPortfolioDisassociateProductFromPortfolioWrite
Product
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:product/{#ProductId}
Portfolio
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:portfolio/{#PortfolioId}
servicecatalog:ExecuteProvisionedProductPlanExecuteProvisionedProductPlan
ProvisionedProduct
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:provisionedproduct/*
servicecatalog:UserLevel
servicecatalog:GetConstraintGetConstraintRead
Portfolio
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:portfolio/{#PortfolioId}
servicecatalog:GetPortfolioGetPortfolioRead
Portfolio
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:portfolio/{#PortfolioId}
servicecatalog:GetProductAsAdminGetProductAsAdminRead
Product
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:product/{#ProductId}
servicecatalog:GetProductAsEndUserGetProductAsEndUserRead
Product
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:product/{#ProductId}
servicecatalog:GetProductVersionGetProductVersionRead
Product
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:product/{#ProductId}
servicecatalog:GetProvisionedProductGetProvisionedProductRead
ProvisionedProduct
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:provisionedproduct/{#ProvisionedProductId}
servicecatalog:UserLevel
servicecatalog:ApprovalActor
servicecatalog:GetProvisionedProductPlanGetProvisionedProductPlanRead
ProvisionedProduct
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:provisionedproduct/{#ProvisionedProductId}
servicecatalog:UserLevel
servicecatalog:ApprovalActor
servicecatalog:GetTagOptionGetTagOptionRead
全部资源
*
servicecatalog:GetTaskGetTaskRead
ProvisionedProduct
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:provisionedproduct/{#ProvisionedProductId}
servicecatalog:UserLevel
servicecatalog:ApprovalActor
servicecatalog:GetTemplateGetTemplateRead
Product
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:product/{#ProductId}
servicecatalog:LaunchProductLaunchProduct
ProvisionedProduct
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:provisionedproduct/*
servicecatalog:ListLaunchOptionsListLaunchOptionsList
Product
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:product/{#ProductId}
servicecatalog:ListPortfoliosListPortfoliosList
Portfolio
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:portfolio/*
servicecatalog:ListPrincipalsListPrincipalsList
Portfolio
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:portfolio/{#PortfolioId}
servicecatalog:ListProductVersionsListProductVersionsList
Product
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:product/{#ProductId}
servicecatalog:ListProductsAsAdminListProductsAsAdminRead
Product
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:product/*
servicecatalog:ListProductsAsEndUserListProductsAsEndUserRead
Product
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:product/*
servicecatalog:ListProvisionedProductPlanApproversListProvisionedProductPlanApproversRead
ProvisionedProduct
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:provisionedproduct/*
servicecatalog:UserLevel
servicecatalog:ApprovalActor
servicecatalog:ListProvisionedProductPlansListProvisionedProductPlansList
ProvisionedProduct
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:provisionedproduct/*
servicecatalog:UserLevel
servicecatalog:ApprovalActor
servicecatalog:ListProvisionedProductsListProvisionedProductsList
ProvisionedProduct
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:provisionedproduct/*
servicecatalog:UserLevel
servicecatalog:ListResourcesForTagOptionListResourcesForTagOptionRead
全部资源
*
servicecatalog:ListTagOptionsListTagOptionsRead
全部资源
*
servicecatalog:ListTasksListTasksList
ProvisionedProduct
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:provisionedproduct/{#ProvisionedProductId}
servicecatalog:UserLevel
servicecatalog:ApprovalActor
servicecatalog:TerminateProvisionedProductTerminateProvisionedProductWrite
ProvisionedProduct
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:provisionedproduct/{#ProvisionedProductId}
servicecatalog:UserLevel
servicecatalog:UpdateConstraintUpdateConstraintWrite
Portfolio
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:portfolio/{#PortfolioId}
Product
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:product/{#ProductId}
servicecatalog:UpdatePortfolioUpdatePortfolioWrite
Portfolio
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:portfolio/{#PortfolioId}
servicecatalog:UpdateProductUpdateProductWrite
Product
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:product/{#ProductId}
servicecatalog:UpdateProductVersionUpdateProductVersionWrite
Product
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:product/{#ProductId}
servicecatalog:UpdateProvisionedProductUpdateProvisionedProduct
ProvisionedProduct
acs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:provisionedproduct/{#ProvisionedProductId}
servicecatalog:UserLevel

资源(Resource)

下表是服务目录(servicecatalog)定义的资源,这些资源可以在RAM权限策略语句的Resource元素中使用,用来授予对该资源执行具体操作的权限。 其中,资源ARN是资源在阿里云上的唯一标识。具体说明如下:
  • {#}为变量标识,需要您替换为实际值。例如:{#ramcode}需要您替换为实际的云服务RAM代码。
  • *表示全部。例如:
    • {#resourceType}*时:表示全部资源。
    • {#regionId}*时:表示全部地域。
    • {#accountId}*时:表示全部阿里云账号。
资源类型资源ARN
ProvisionedProductacs:{#ramcode}:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:provisionedproduct/{#ProvisionedProductId}
Productacs:{#ramcode}:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:product/{#ProductId}
Portfolioacs:servicecatalog:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:portfolio/{#PortfolioId}

条件(Condition)

下表是服务目录(servicecatalog)定义的产品级条件关键字,这些条件关键字可以在RAM权限策略语句的Condition元素中使用,用来描述授予权限的条件。以下仅列举产品级的条件关键字,阿里云定义的通用条件关键字也同样适用服务目录(servicecatalog)
其中,数据类型决定了您可以使用哪些条件运算符将请求中的值与权限策略语句中的值进行比较。您必须使用与数据类型匹配的条件运算符,否则无法匹配策略语句,授权行为无效。数据类型与条件运算符的对应关系,请参见条件操作类型
条件关键字描述类型
servicecatalog:UserLevel可以授权只允许访问当前用户自己的资源String
servicecatalog:ApprovalActor可以授权只允许访问需要当前用户自己审批的资源String

相关操作

您可以创建自定义权限策略,并将权限策略授予RAM用户、RAM用户组或RAM角色。具体操作如下:
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