文档

同步数据到数据表

更新时间:

Tablestore Sink Connector会根据订阅的主题轮询地从Kafka中拉取消息,并对消息记录进行解析,然后将数据批量导入到Tablestore的数据表。

前提条件

  • 已安装Kafka,并且已启动ZooKeeper和Kafka。更多信息,请参见Kafka官方文档

  • 已开通表格存储服务,创建实例以及创建数据表。具体操作,请参见使用流程

    说明

    您也可以通过Tablestore Sink Connector自动创建目标数据表,此时需要配置auto.create为true。

  • 已获取AccessKey。具体操作,请参见获取AccessKey

步骤一:部署Tablestore Sink Connector

  1. 通过以下任意一种方式获取Tablestore Sink Connector。

    • 通过GitHub下载源码并编译。源码的GitHub路径为Tablestore Sink Connector源码

      1. 通过Git工具执行以下命令下载Tablestore Sink Connector源码。

        git clone https://github.com/aliyun/kafka-connect-tablestore.git
      2. 进入到下载的源码目录后,执行以下命令进行Maven打包。

        mvn clean package -DskipTests

        编译完成后,生成的压缩包(例如kafka-connect-tablestore-1.0.jar)会存放在target目录。

    • 直接下载编译完成的kafka-connect-tablestore压缩包

  2. 将压缩包复制到各个节点的$KAFKA_HOME/libs目录下。

步骤二:启动Tablestore Sink Connector

Tablestore Sink Connector具有standalone模式和distributed模式两种工作模式。请根据实际选择。

standalone模式的配置步骤如下:

  1. 根据实际修改worker配置文件connect-standalone.properties和connector配置文件connect-tablestore-sink-quickstart.properties。

    • worker配置文件connect-standalone.properties的配置示例

      worker配置中包括Kafka连接参数、序列化格式、提交偏移量的频率等配置项。此处以Kafka官方示例为例介绍。更多信息,请参见Kafka Connect

      # Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
      # contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
      # this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
      # The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
      # (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
      # the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
      #
      #    http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
      #
      # Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
      # distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
      # WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
      # See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
      # limitations under the License.
      
      # These are defaults. This file just demonstrates how to override some settings.
      bootstrap.servers=localhost:9092
      
      # The converters specify the format of data in Kafka and how to translate it into Connect data. Every Connect user will
      # need to configure these based on the format they want their data in when loaded from or stored into Kafka
      key.converter=org.apache.kafka.connect.json.JsonConverter
      value.converter=org.apache.kafka.connect.json.JsonConverter
      # Converter-specific settings can be passed in by prefixing the Converter's setting with the converter we want to apply
      # it to
      key.converter.schemas.enable=true
      value.converter.schemas.enable=true
      
      offset.storage.file.filename=/tmp/connect.offsets
      # Flush much faster than normal, which is useful for testing/debugging
      offset.flush.interval.ms=10000
      
      # Set to a list of filesystem paths separated by commas (,) to enable class loading isolation for plugins
      # (connectors, converters, transformations). The list should consist of top level directories that include 
      # any combination of: 
      # a) directories immediately containing jars with plugins and their dependencies
      # b) uber-jars with plugins and their dependencies
      # c) directories immediately containing the package directory structure of classes of plugins and their dependencies
      # Note: symlinks will be followed to discover dependencies or plugins.
      # Examples: 
      # plugin.path=/usr/local/share/java,/usr/local/share/kafka/plugins,/opt/connectors,
      #plugin.path=
    • connector配置文件connect-tablestore-sink-quickstart.properties的配置示例

      connector配置中包括连接器类、表格存储连接参数、数据映射等配置项。更多信息,请参见配置说明

      # 设置连接器名称。
      name=tablestore-sink
      # 指定连接器类。
      connector.class=TableStoreSinkConnector
      # 设置最大任务数。
      tasks.max=1
      # 指定导出数据的Kafka的Topic列表。
      topics=test
      
      # 以下为Tablestore连接参数配置。
      # Tablestore实例的Endpoint。
      tablestore.endpoint=https://xxx.xxx.ots.aliyuncs.com
      # 填写AccessKey ID和AccessKey Secret。
      tablestore.access.key.id =xxx
      tablestore.access.key.secret=xxx
      # Tablestore实例名称。
      tablestore.instance.name=xxx
      
      # 用于指定表格存储目标表名称的格式字符串,其中<topic>作为原始Topic的占位符。默认值为<topic>。
      # Examples:
      # table.name.format=kafka_<topic>,主题为test的消息记录将写入表名为kafka_test的数据表。
      # table.name.format=
      
      # 主键模式,默认值为kafka。
      # 将以<topic>_<partition>(Kafka主题和分区,用"_"分隔)和<offset>(消息记录在分区中的偏移量)作为Tablestore数据表的主键。
      # primarykey.mode=
      
      # 自动创建目标表,默认值为false。
      auto.create=true
  2. 进入到$KAFKA_HOME目录后,执行以下命令启动standalone模式。

    bin/connect-standalone.sh config/connect-standalone.properties config/connect-tablestore-sink-quickstart.properties

distributed模式的配置步骤如下:

  1. 根据实际修改worker配置文件connect-distributed.properties。

    worker配置中包括Kafka连接参数、序列化格式、提交偏移量的频率等配置项,还包括存储各connectors相关信息的Topic,建议您提前手动创建相应Topic。此处以Kafka官方示例为例介绍。更多信息,请参见Kafka Connect

    • offset.storage.topic:用于存储各connectors相关offset的Compact Topic。

    • config.storage.topic:用于存储connector和task相关配置的Compact Topic,此Topic的Parition数必须设置为1。

    • status.storage.topic:用于存储Kafka Connect状态信息的Compact Topic。

    ##
    # Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
    # contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
    # this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
    # The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
    # (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
    # the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
    #
    #    http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
    #
    # Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
    # distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
    # WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
    # See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
    # limitations under the License.
    ##
    
    # This file contains some of the configurations for the Kafka Connect distributed worker. This file is intended
    # to be used with the examples, and some settings may differ from those used in a production system, especially
    # the `bootstrap.servers` and those specifying replication factors.
    
    # A list of host/port pairs to use for establishing the initial connection to the Kafka cluster.
    bootstrap.servers=localhost:9092
    
    # unique name for the cluster, used in forming the Connect cluster group. Note that this must not conflict with consumer group IDs
    group.id=connect-cluster
    
    # The converters specify the format of data in Kafka and how to translate it into Connect data. Every Connect user will
    # need to configure these based on the format they want their data in when loaded from or stored into Kafka
    key.converter=org.apache.kafka.connect.json.JsonConverter
    value.converter=org.apache.kafka.connect.json.JsonConverter
    # Converter-specific settings can be passed in by prefixing the Converter's setting with the converter we want to apply
    # it to
    key.converter.schemas.enable=true
    value.converter.schemas.enable=true
    
    # Topic to use for storing offsets. This topic should have many partitions and be replicated and compacted.
    # Kafka Connect will attempt to create the topic automatically when needed, but you can always manually create
    # the topic before starting Kafka Connect if a specific topic configuration is needed.
    # Most users will want to use the built-in default replication factor of 3 or in some cases even specify a larger value.
    # Since this means there must be at least as many brokers as the maximum replication factor used, we'd like to be able
    # to run this example on a single-broker cluster and so here we instead set the replication factor to 1.
    offset.storage.topic=connect-offsets
    offset.storage.replication.factor=1
    #offset.storage.partitions=25
    
    # Topic to use for storing connector and task configurations; note that this should be a single partition, highly replicated,
    # and compacted topic. Kafka Connect will attempt to create the topic automatically when needed, but you can always manually create
    # the topic before starting Kafka Connect if a specific topic configuration is needed.
    # Most users will want to use the built-in default replication factor of 3 or in some cases even specify a larger value.
    # Since this means there must be at least as many brokers as the maximum replication factor used, we'd like to be able
    # to run this example on a single-broker cluster and so here we instead set the replication factor to 1.
    config.storage.topic=connect-configs
    config.storage.replication.factor=1
    
    # Topic to use for storing statuses. This topic can have multiple partitions and should be replicated and compacted.
    # Kafka Connect will attempt to create the topic automatically when needed, but you can always manually create
    # the topic before starting Kafka Connect if a specific topic configuration is needed.
    # Most users will want to use the built-in default replication factor of 3 or in some cases even specify a larger value.
    # Since this means there must be at least as many brokers as the maximum replication factor used, we'd like to be able
    # to run this example on a single-broker cluster and so here we instead set the replication factor to 1.
    status.storage.topic=connect-status
    status.storage.replication.factor=1
    #status.storage.partitions=5
    
    # Flush much faster than normal, which is useful for testing/debugging
    offset.flush.interval.ms=10000
    
    # These are provided to inform the user about the presence of the REST host and port configs 
    # Hostname & Port for the REST API to listen on. If this is set, it will bind to the interface used to listen to requests.
    #rest.host.name=
    #rest.port=8083
    
    # The Hostname & Port that will be given out to other workers to connect to i.e. URLs that are routable from other servers.
    #rest.advertised.host.name=
    #rest.advertised.port=
    
    # Set to a list of filesystem paths separated by commas (,) to enable class loading isolation for plugins
    # (connectors, converters, transformations). The list should consist of top level directories that include 
    # any combination of: 
    # a) directories immediately containing jars with plugins and their dependencies
    # b) uber-jars with plugins and their dependencies
    # c) directories immediately containing the package directory structure of classes of plugins and their dependencies
    # Examples: 
    # plugin.path=/usr/local/share/java,/usr/local/share/kafka/plugins,/opt/connectors,
    #plugin.path=
  2. 进入到$KAFKA_HOME目录后,执行以下命令启动distributed模式。

    重要

    您需要在每个节点上均启动worker进程。

    bin/connect-distributed.sh config/connect-distributed.properties
  3. 通过REST API管理connectors。更多信息,请参见REST API

    1. 在config路径下创建connect-tablestore-sink-quickstart.json文件并填写以下示例内容。

      connector配置文件以JSON格式指定参数键值对,包括连接器类、表格存储连接参数、数据映射等配置项。更多信息,请参见配置说明

      {
        "name": "tablestore-sink",
        "config": {
          "connector.class":"TableStoreSinkConnector",
          "tasks.max":"1",
          "topics":"test",
          "tablestore.endpoint":"https://xxx.xxx.ots.aliyuncs.com",
          "tablestore.access.key.id":"xxx",
          "tablestore.access.key.secret":"xxx",
          "tablestore.instance.name":"xxx",
          "table.name.format":"<topic>",
          "primarykey.mode":"kafka",
          "auto.create":"true"
        }
      }
    2. 执行以下命令启动一个Tablestore Sink Connector。

      curl -i -k  -H "Content-type: application/json" -X POST -d @config/connect-tablestore-sink-quickstart.json http://localhost:8083/connectors

      其中http://localhost:8083/connectors为Kafka REST服务的地址,请根据实际修改。

步骤三:生产新的记录

  1. 进入到$KAFKA_HOME目录后,执行以下命令启动一个控制台生产者。

    bin/kafka-console-producer.sh --broker-list localhost:9092 --topic test

    配置项说明请参见下表。

    配置项

    示例值

    描述

    --broker-list

    localhost:9092

    Kafka集群broker地址和端口。

    --topic

    test

    主题名称。启动Tablestore Sink Connector时默认会自动创建Topic,您也可以选择手动创建。

  2. 向主题test中写入一些新的消息。

    • Struct类型消息

      {
          "schema":{
              "type":"struct",
              "fields":[
                  {
                      "type":"int32",
                      "optional":false,
                      "field":"id"
                  },
                  {
                      "type":"string",
                      "optional":false,
                      "field":"product"
                  },
                  {
                      "type":"int64",
                      "optional":false,
                      "field":"quantity"
                  },
                  {
                      "type":"double",
                      "optional":false,
                      "field":"price"
                  }
              ],
              "optional":false,
              "name":"record"
          },
          "payload":{
              "id":1,
              "product":"foo",
              "quantity":100,
              "price":50
          }
      }
    • Map类型消息

      {
          "schema":{
              "type":"map",
              "keys":{
                  "type":"string",
                  "optional":false
              },
              "values":{
                  "type":"int32",
                  "optional":false
              },
              "optional":false
          },
          "payload":{
              "id":1
          }
      }
  3. 登录表格存储控制台查看数据。

    表格存储实例中将自动创建一张数据表,表名为test,表中数据如下图所示。其中第一行数据为Map类型消息导入结果,第二行数据为Struct类型消息导入结果。fig_datanew