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授权信息

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访问控制(RAM)是阿里云提供的管理用户身份与资源访问权限的服务。使用RAM可以让您避免与其他用户共享阿里云账号密钥,并可按需为用户授予最小权限。RAM中使用权限策略描述授权的具体内容。
本文为您介绍云数据库 Redis 版(Redis)(R-kvstore)为RAM权限策略定义的操作(Action)、资源(Resource)和条件(Condition)。云数据库 Redis 版(Redis)(R-kvstore)的RAM代码(RamCode)为kvstore,支持的授权粒度为RESOURCE

权限策略通用结构

权限策略支持JSON格式,其通用结构如下:
{
  "Version": "1",
  "Statement": [
    {
      "Effect": "<Effect>",
      "Action": "<Action>",
      "Resource": "<Resource>",
      "Condition": {
        "<Condition_operator>": {
          "<Condition_key>": [
            "<Condition_value>"
          ]
        }
      }
    }
  ]
}
各字段含义如下:
  • Effect:权限策略效果。取值:Allow(允许)、Deny(拒绝)。
  • Action:授予允许或拒绝权限的具体操作。具体信息,请参见操作(Action)
  • Resource:受操作影响的具体对象,您可以使用资源ARN来描述指定资源。具体信息,请参见资源(Resource)
  • Condition:指授权生效的条件。可选字段。具体信息,请参见条件(Condition)
    • Condition_operator:条件运算符,不同类型的条件对应不同的条件运算符。具体信息,请参见权限策略基本元素
    • Condition_key:条件关键字。
    • Condition_value:条件关键字对应的值。

操作(Action)

下表是云数据库 Redis 版(Redis)(R-kvstore)定义的操作,这些操作可以在RAM权限策略语句的Action元素中使用,用来授予执行该操作的权限。下面对表中的具体项提供说明:
  • 操作:是指具体的权限点。
  • API:是指操作对应的API接口。
  • 访问级别:是指每个操作的访问级别,取值为写入(Write)、读取(Read)或列出(List)。
  • 资源类型:是指操作中支持授权的资源类型。具体说明如下:
    • 对于必选的资源类型,用背景高亮的方式表示。
    • 对于不支持资源级授权的操作,用全部资源表示。
  • 条件关键字:是指云产品自身定义的条件关键字。该列不体现适用于任何操作的通用条件关键字
  • 关联操作:是指成功执行操作所需要的其他权限。操作者必须同时具备关联操作的权限,操作才能成功。
操作API访问级别资源类型条件关键字关联操作
kvstore:AddShardingNodeAddShardingNodeWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:dbinstance/{#DBInstanceId}
kvstore:AllocateDirectConnectionAllocateDirectConnectionWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:AllocateInstancePublicConnectionAllocateInstancePublicConnectionWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:CheckCloudResourceAuthorizedCheckCloudResourceAuthorizedRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:dbinstance/{#DBInstanceId}
kvstore:CreateAccountCreateAccountWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:CreateBackupCreateBackupWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:CreateCacheAnalysisTaskCreateCacheAnalysisTaskWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:CreateGlobalDistributeCacheCreateGlobalDistributeCacheWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:CreateInstanceCreateInstanceWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/*
kvstore:InstanceClass
kvstore:Appendonly
kvstore:InstanceType
kvstore:CreateInstancesCreateInstancesWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/*
kvstore:InstanceClass
kvstore:InstanceType
kvstore:Appendonly
kvstore:CreateTairInstanceCreateTairInstanceWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/*
kvstore:InstanceClass
kvstore:InstanceType
kvstore:DeleteAccountDeleteAccountWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:DeleteInstanceDeleteInstanceWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:DeleteShardingNodeDeleteShardingNodeWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:dbinstance/{#DBInstanceId}
kvstore:DescribeAccountsDescribeAccountsRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:DescribeAuditLogConfigDescribeAuditLogConfigRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:dbinstance/{#DBInstanceId}
kvstore:DescribeAuditRecordsDescribeAuditRecordsRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:DescribeBackupPolicyDescribeBackupPolicyRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:DescribeBackupTasksDescribeBackupTasksRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:dbinstance/{#DBInstanceId}
kvstore:DescribeBackupsDescribeBackupsRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:DescribeCacheAnalysisReportDescribeCacheAnalysisReportRead
dbinstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:dbinstance/{#dbInstanceId}
kvstore:DescribeCacheAnalysisReportListDescribeCacheAnalysisReportListRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:DescribeClusterMemberInfoDescribeClusterMemberInfoRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:dbinstance/{#DBInstanceId}
kvstore:DescribeDBInstanceNetInfoDescribeDBInstanceNetInfoRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:DescribeDedicatedClusterInstanceListDescribeDedicatedClusterInstanceListRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/*
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:DescribeEncryptionKeyDescribeEncryptionKeyRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:dbinstance/{#DBInstanceId}
kvstore:DescribeEncryptionKeyListDescribeEncryptionKeyListRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:dbinstance/{#DBInstanceId}
kvstore:DescribeEngineVersionDescribeEngineVersionRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:dbinstance/{#DBInstanceId}
kvstore:DescribeGlobalDistributeCacheDescribeGlobalDistributeCacheRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:DescribeHistoryMonitorValuesDescribeHistoryMonitorValuesRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:ResourceTag
kvstore:DescribeInstanceAttributeDescribeInstanceAttributeRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:DescribeInstanceAutoRenewalAttributeDescribeInstanceAutoRenewalAttributeRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/*
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:DescribeInstanceSSLDescribeInstanceSSLRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:DescribeInstanceTDEStatusDescribeInstanceTDEStatusRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:dbinstance/{#DBInstanceId}
kvstore:DescribeInstancesDescribeInstancesRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/*
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:DescribeInstancesOverviewDescribeInstancesOverviewRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:dbinstance/{#DBInstanceId}
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:dbinstance/{#DBInstanceId}
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:dbinstance/{#DBInstanceId}
kvstore:DescribeIntranetAttributeDescribeIntranetAttributeRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:DescribeLogicInstanceTopologyDescribeLogicInstanceTopologyRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/*
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:DescribeParameterModificationHistoryDescribeParameterModificationHistoryRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:dbinstance/{#dbinstanceId}
kvstore:DescribeParametersDescribeParametersRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:dbinstance/{#dbinstanceId}
kvstore:DescribeRoleZoneInfoDescribeRoleZoneInfoRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:dbinstance/{#DBInstanceId}
kvstore:DescribeRunningLogRecordsDescribeRunningLogRecordsRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:DescribeSecurityGroupConfigurationDescribeSecurityGroupConfigurationRead
dbinstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:dbinstance/{#dbInstanceId}
kvstore:DescribeSecurityIpsDescribeSecurityIpsRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:DescribeSlowLogRecordsDescribeSlowLogRecordsRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:dbinstance/{#dbInstanceId}
kvstore:DescribeTasksDescribeTasksRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:dbinstance/{#DBInstanceId}
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:dbinstance/{#DBInstanceId}
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:dbinstance/{#DBInstanceId}
kvstore:EnableAdditionalBandwidthEnableAdditionalBandwidthWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:dbinstance/{#DBInstanceId}
kvstore:FlushExpireKeysFlushExpireKeysWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:dbinstance/{#dbInstanceId}
kvstore:FlushInstanceFlushInstanceWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:GrantAccountPrivilegeGrantAccountPrivilegeWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:InitializeKvstorePermissionInitializeKvstorePermissionRead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:dbinstance/{#DBInstanceId}
kvstore:ListTagResourcesListTagResourcesList
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/*
kvstore:MigrateToOtherZoneMigrateToOtherZoneWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:ModifyAccountDescriptionModifyAccountDescriptionWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:ModifyAccountPasswordModifyAccountPasswordWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:ModifyAuditLogConfigModifyAuditLogConfigWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#InstanceId}
kvstore:DbAudit
kvstore:ModifyBackupPolicyModifyBackupPolicyWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:EnableBackupLog
kvstore:ModifyDBInstanceConnectionStringModifyDBInstanceConnectionStringWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:ModifyInstanceAttributeModifyInstanceAttributeWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:ModifyInstanceAutoRenewalAttributeModifyInstanceAutoRenewalAttributeWrite
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#InstanceId}
kvstore:ModifyInstanceConfigModifyInstanceConfigWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:InstanceAofConfig
kvstore:TLSVersion
kvstore:ModifyInstanceMaintainTimeModifyInstanceMaintainTimeWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:ModifyInstanceMajorVersionModifyInstanceMajorVersionWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:ModifyInstanceMinorVersionModifyInstanceMinorVersionWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:ModifyInstanceNetExpireTimeModifyInstanceNetExpireTimeWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:ModifyInstanceParameterModifyInstanceParameterWrite
kvstore:ModifyInstanceSSLModifyInstanceSSLWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:SSLEnabled
kvstore:ModifyInstanceSpecModifyInstanceSpecWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:ModifyInstanceTDEModifyInstanceTDEWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:TDEStatus
kvstore:ModifyInstanceVpcAuthModeModifyInstanceVpcAuthModeWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:VpcAuthMode
kvstore:ModifyIntranetAttributeModifyIntranetAttributeWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:ModifySecurityGroupConfigurationModifySecurityGroupConfigurationWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:dbinstance/{#dbInstanceId}
kvstore:ModifySecurityIpsModifySecurityIpsWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:ReleaseDirectConnectionReleaseDirectConnectionWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:ReleaseInstancePublicConnectionReleaseInstancePublicConnectionWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:RenewInstanceRenewInstanceWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:ResetAccountPasswordResetAccountPasswordWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:RestartInstanceRestartInstanceWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:dbinstance/{#dbInstanceId}
kvstore:RestoreInstanceRestoreInstanceWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:SwitchInstanceHASwitchInstanceHARead
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:dbinstance/{#DBInstanceId}
kvstore:SwitchInstanceProxySwitchInstanceProxyRead
kvstore:SwitchNetworkSwitchNetworkWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:SyncDtsStatusSyncDtsStatusWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:TagResourcesTagResourcesWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/*
kvstore:TransformInstanceChargeTypeTransformInstanceChargeTypeWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:dbinstance/{#DBInstanceId}
kvstore:TransformToPrePaidTransformToPrePaidWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
kvstore:UntagResourcesUntagResourcesWrite
DBInstance
acs:kvstore:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/*

资源(Resource)

下表是云数据库 Redis 版(Redis)(R-kvstore)定义的资源,这些资源可以在RAM权限策略语句的Resource元素中使用,用来授予对该资源执行具体操作的权限。 其中,资源ARN是资源在阿里云上的唯一标识。具体说明如下:
  • {#}为变量标识,需要您替换为实际值。例如:{#ramcode}需要您替换为实际的云服务RAM代码。
  • *表示全部。例如:
    • {#resourceType}*时:表示全部资源。
    • {#regionId}*时:表示全部地域。
    • {#accountId}*时:表示全部阿里云账号。
资源类型资源ARN
DBInstanceacs:kvstore:{#Region}:{#AccountId}:dbinstance/{#DBInstanceId}

条件(Condition)

下表是云数据库 Redis 版(Redis)(R-kvstore)定义的产品级条件关键字,这些条件关键字可以在RAM权限策略语句的Condition元素中使用,用来描述授予权限的条件。以下仅列举产品级的条件关键字,阿里云定义的通用条件关键字也同样适用云数据库 Redis 版(Redis)(R-kvstore)
其中,数据类型决定了您可以使用哪些条件运算符将请求中的值与权限策略语句中的值进行比较。您必须使用与数据类型匹配的条件运算符,否则无法匹配策略语句,授权行为无效。数据类型与条件运算符的对应关系,请参见条件操作类型
条件关键字描述类型
kvstore:InstanceClass实例的规格,取值示例: redis.master.small.default。取值来源:请求参数InstanceClass的值String
kvstore:InstanceType实例类型。创建Redis实例时取值Redis或Memcache;创建Tair实例时取值tair_rdb、tair_scm或tair_essdString
kvstore:SSLEnabledTLS(SSL)开启状态String
kvstore:DbAudit审计日志开启状态Boolean
kvstore:TDEStatus实例开启透明数据加密TDE功能String
kvstore:VpcAuthMode专有网络下的认证模式,Open:通过密码认证;Close:关闭密码认证,即开启免密访问。String
kvstore:InstanceAofConfig实例 AOF 参数配置String
kvstore:Appendonly实例 AOF 配置,yes 开启AOF持久化;no 关闭AOF持久化String
kvstore:TLSVersion使用的TLS协议版本String
kvstore:EnableBackupLog开启数据闪回功能,1:开启数据闪回功能;0:关闭数据闪回功能String
kvstore:ResourceTagRedis的标签信息,和标签键组合使用形成 kvstore:ResourceTag/<tag-key>。示例值:假设标签为team:dev,则条件关键字和值为 "kvstore:ResourceTag/team": "dev"String

相关操作

您可以创建自定义权限策略,并将权限策略授予RAM用户、RAM用户组或RAM角色。具体操作如下:
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