阿里云SSL证书服务支持下载证书安装到Jetty服务器,从而使Jetty服务器支持HTTPS安全访问。本文介绍了证书安装的具体操作。

  1. Jetty服务器版本确认。建议使用Jetty 9.2.22及以上版本。
  2. 从阿里云下载tomcat格式的证书。非系统生成的CSR需要生成pfx证书密匙对文件,转换命令如下。
    openssl pkcs12 -export -out 214362464370691.pfx -inkey 214362464370691.key -in 214362464370691.pem
  3. 转换pfx的证书密匙对文件为jks格式,转换命令如下:
    说明 Windows环境注意在%JAVA_HOME%/jdk/bin目录中执行。
    keytool -importkeystore -srckeystore 密匙对文件.pfx -destkeystore 证书名称.jks -srcstoretype PKCS12 -deststoretype JKS
    回车后输入两次要设置的jks格式证书密码,然后输入一次pfx证书密码。三次密码必须输入pfx-password.txt记录的密码。jks密码与pfx证书密码相同,否则可能会导致Jetty服务器启动失败。命令行执行
  4. 配置Jetty的SSL。
    1. 确保Jetty的http页面可正常访问。确认访问正常
    2. 拷贝证书。进入Jetty服务器目录下的etc,新建存放jks格式证书的目录,并复制jks格式证书至当前目录。
      # pwd
      /opt/jetty9222/etc
      # mkdir cert
      # cd cert/
      # cp ../../../keys/jetty.jks .
      # ls
      jetty.jks
      命令行
    3. 编辑Jetty服务器目录中的etc中的jetty-ssl.xml文件,设置证书相关参数(密码设置均为pfx-password.txt所记录的密码)。jetty-ssl.xml文件
      <?xml version="1.0"?>
      <!DOCTYPE Configure PUBLIC "-//Jetty//Configure//EN" "http://www.eclipse.org/jetty/configure_9_0.dtd">
      <!-- ============================================================= -->
      <!-- Configure a TLS (SSL) Context Factory                         -->
      <!-- This configuration must be used in conjunction with jetty.xml -->
      <!-- and either jetty-https.xml or jetty-spdy.xml (but not both)   -->
      <!-- ============================================================= -->
      <Configure id="sslContextFactory" class="org.eclipse.jetty.util.ssl.SslContextFactory">
        <Set name="KeyStorePath"><Property name="jetty.base" default="." />/<Property name="jetty.keystore" default="etc/cert/jetty.jks"/></Set>
        <Set name="KeyStorePassword"><Property name="jetty.keystore.password" default="214362464370691"/></Set>
      <?xml version="1.0"?>
      <!DOCTYPE Configure PUBLIC "-//Jetty//Configure//EN" "http://www.eclipse.org/jetty/configure_9_0.dtd">
      <!-- ============================================================= -->
      <!-- Configure a TLS (SSL) Context Factory                         -->
      <!-- This configuration must be used in conjunction with jetty.xml -->
      <!-- and either jetty-https.xml or jetty-spdy.xml (but not both)   -->
      <!-- ============================================================= -->
      <Configure id="sslContextFactory" class="org.eclipse.jetty.util.ssl.SslContextFactory">
        <Set name="KeyStorePath"><Property name="jetty.base" default="." />/<Property name="jetty.keystore" default="etc/cert/jetty.jks"/></Set>
        <Set name="KeyStorePassword"><Property name="jetty.keystore.password" default="214362464370691"/></Set>
        <Set name="KeyManagerPassword"><Property name="jetty.keymanager.password" default="214362464370691"/></Set>
        <Set name="TrustStorePath"><Property name="jetty.base" default="." />/<Property name="jetty.truststore" default="etc/cert/jetty.jks"/></Set>
        <Set name="TrustStorePassword"><Property name="jetty.truststore.password" default="214362464370691"/></Set>
        <Set name="EndpointIdentificationAlgorithm"></Set>
        <Set name="NeedClientAuth"><Property name="jetty.ssl.needClientAuth" default="false"/></Set>
        <Set name="WantClientAuth"><Property name="jetty.ssl.wantClientAuth" default="false"/></Set>
        <Set name="ExcludeCipherSuites">
          <Array type="String">
            <Item>SSL_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA</Item>
            <Item>SSL_DHE_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA</Item>
            <Item>SSL_DHE_DSS_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA</Item>
            <Item>SSL_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_RC4_40_MD5</Item>
            <Item>SSL_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA</Item>
            <Item>SSL_DHE_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA</Item>
            <Item>SSL_DHE_DSS_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA</Item>
          </Array>
        </Set>
        <!-- =========================================================== -->
        <!-- Create a TLS specific HttpConfiguration based on the        -->
        <!-- common HttpConfiguration defined in jetty.xml               -->
        <!-- Add a SecureRequestCustomizer to extract certificate and    -->
        <!-- session information                                         -->
        <!-- =========================================================== -->
        <New id="sslHttpConfig" class="org.eclipse.jetty.server.HttpConfiguration">
          <Arg><Ref refid="httpConfig"/></Arg>
          <Call name="addCustomizer">
            <Arg><New class="org.eclipse.jetty.server.SecureRequestCustomizer"/></Arg>
          </Call>
        </New>
      </Configure>
    4. 编辑Jetty服务器目录中的etc中的jetty-https.xml文件,配置https所使用的443端口。jetty-https.xml文件
      <?xml version="1.0"?>
      <!DOCTYPE Configure PUBLIC "-//Jetty//Configure//EN" "http://www.eclipse.org/jetty/configure_9_0.dtd">
      <!-- ============================================================= -->
      <!-- Configure a HTTPS connector.                                  -->
      <!-- This configuration must be used in conjunction with jetty.xml -->
      <!-- and jetty-ssl.xml.                                            -->
      <!-- ============================================================= -->
      <Configure id="Server" class="org.eclipse.jetty.server.Server">
        <!-- =========================================================== -->
        <!-- Add a HTTPS Connector.                                      -->
        <!-- Configure an o.e.j.server.ServerConnector with connection   -->
        <!-- factories for TLS (aka SSL) and HTTP to provide HTTPS.      -->
        <!-- All accepted TLS connections are wired to a HTTP connection.-->
        <!--                                                             -->
        <!-- Consult the javadoc of o.e.j.server.ServerConnector,        -->
        <!-- o.e.j.server.SslConnectionFactory and                       -->
        <!-- o.e.j.server.HttpConnectionFactory for all configuration    -->
        <!-- that may be set here.                                       -->
        <!-- =========================================================== -->
        <Call id="httpsConnector" name="addConnector">
          <Arg>
            <New class="org.eclipse.jetty.server.ServerConnector">
              <Arg name="server"><Ref refid="Server" /></Arg>
              <Arg name="acceptors" type="int"><Property name="ssl.acceptors" default="-1"/></Arg>
              <Arg name="selectors" type="int"><Property name="ssl.selectors" default="-1"/></Arg>
              <Arg name="factories">
                <Array type="org.eclipse.jetty.server.ConnectionFactory">
                  <Item>
                    <New class="org.eclipse.jetty.server.SslConnectionFactory">
                      <Arg name="next">http/1.1</Arg>
                      <Arg name="sslContextFactory"><Ref refid="sslContextFactory"/></Arg>
                    </New>
                  </Item>
                  <Item>
                    <New class="org.eclipse.jetty.server.HttpConnectionFactory">
                      <Arg name="config"><Ref refid="sslHttpConfig"/></Arg>
                    </New>
                  </Item>
                </Array>
              </Arg>
              <Set name="host"><Property name="jetty.host" /></Set>
              <Set name="port"><Property name="https.port" default="443" /></Set>
              <Set name="idleTimeout"><Property name="https.timeout" default="30000"/></Set>
              <Set name="soLingerTime"><Property name="https.soLingerTime" default="-1"/></Set>
              <Set name="acceptorPriorityDelta"><Property name="ssl.acceptorPriorityDelta" default="0"/></Set>
              <Set name="selectorPriorityDelta"><Property name="ssl.selectorPriorityDelta" default="0"/></Set>
              <Set name="acceptQueueSize"><Property name="https.acceptQueueSize" default="0"/></Set>
            </New>
          </Arg>
        </Call>
      </Configure>
    5. 编辑Jetty服务器目录中的start.ini文件,按需求更改端口号,并设置启动加载jetty-https.xmljetty-ssl.xml
      jetty.port=80
      jetty.dump.stop=
      etc/jetty-ssl.xml
      etc/jetty-https.xml
    6. 重启Jetty,验证https访问是否正常。验证