操作审计支持查询访问控制IMS(Identity Management Service)相关事件。您可以快速查询IMS事件并获取事件发生的时间、地域、RAM用户等信息。本文为您举例说明IMS相关事件。

阿里云账号通过控制台创建RAM用户

以下示例表示,在北京时间2021年08月05日14:59:52,阿里云账号调用CreateUser接口创建了一个RAM用户Alice@163205818484****.onaliyun.com

{
  "eventId": "80648075-F89C-555D-974B-78E436FE4331",
  "eventVersion": 1,
  "responseElements": {
    "User": {
      "UpdateDate": "2021-08-05T06:59:52Z",
      "Email": "username@example.com",
      "Comments": "",
      "UserId": "21284212814679*****",
      "LastLoginDate": "",
      "DisplayName": "Alice",
      "UserPrincipalName": "Alice@163205818484****.onaliyun.com",
      "CreateDate": "2021-08-05T06:59:52Z",
      "MobilePhone": "1381111****"
    },
    "RequestId": "80648075-F89C-555D-974B-78E436FE4331"
  },
  "eventSource": "ims-share.aliyuncs.com",
  "requestParameters": {
    "charset": "UTF-8",
    "AcsHost": "ims-share.aliyuncs.com",
    "AcsProduct": "Ims",
    "RequestId": "80648075-F89C-555D-974B-78E436FE4331",
    "DisplayName": "Alice",
    "AcceptLanguage": "zh-CN",
    "AkProxySuffix": "ram",
    "UserPrincipalName": "Alice@163205818484****.onaliyun.com",
    "HostId": "ims-share.aliyuncs.com"
  },
  "sourceIpAddress": "192.168.XX.XX",
  "userAgent": "ram.console.aliyun.com",
  "eventType": "ApiCall",
  "referencedResources": {
    "ACS::RAM::User": [
      "Alice@163205818484****.onaliyun.com"
    ]
  },
  "userIdentity": {
    "sessionContext": {
      "attributes": {
        "mfaAuthenticated": "false",
        "creationDate": "2021-08-05T06:59:52Z"
      }
    },
    "accountId": "163205818484****",
    "principalId": "163205818484****",
    "type": "root-account",
    "userName": "root"
  },
  "serviceName": "Ims",
  "additionalEventData": {
    "Scheme": "http",
    "CallerBid": "26888"
  },
  "apiVersion": "2019-08-15",
  "requestId": "80648075-F89C-555D-974B-78E436FE4331",
  "eventTime": "2021-08-05T06:59:52Z",
  "isGlobal": true,
  "acsRegion": "cn-shanghai",
  "eventName": "CreateUser"
}

示例中关键字段含义如下:

  • userIdentity.type:请求者的身份类型。取值为root-account,表示阿里云账号。
  • serviceName:事件相关的阿里云服务名称。取值为Ims,表示IMS。
  • eventName:事件名称。取值为CreateUser,表示创建RAM用户。
  • referencedResources:事件影响的资源列表。取值为{"ACS::RAM::User": ["Alice@163205818484****.onaliyun.com"},表示RAM用户Alice@163205818484****.onaliyun.com
  • eventTime:事件发生的时间(UTC格式)。取值为2021-08-05T06:59:52Z,表示北京时间2021年08月05日14:59:52。

RAM用户通过控制台创建RAM用户

以下示例表示,在北京时间2021年08月05日14:44:37,RAM用户Alice调用CreateUser接口创建了一个RAM用户test@189217171671****.onaliyun.com

{
  "eventId": "BB774582-E706-5B89-8540-84D9490D0F11",
  "eventVersion": 1,
  "responseElements": {
    "User": {
      "UpdateDate": "2021-08-05T06:44:37Z",
      "Email": "username@example.com",
      "Comments": "",
      "UserId": "27688052814587****",
      "LastLoginDate": "",
      "DisplayName": "test",
      "UserPrincipalName": "test@189217171671****.onaliyun.com",
      "CreateDate": "2021-08-05T06:44:37Z",
      "MobilePhone": "1381111****"
    },
    "RequestId": "BB774582-E706-5B89-8540-84D9490D0F11"
  },
  "eventSource": "ims-share.aliyuncs.com",
  "requestParameters": {
    "charset": "UTF-8",
    "AcsHost": "ims-share.aliyuncs.com",
    "AcsProduct": "Ims",
    "RequestId": "BB774582-E706-5B89-8540-84D9490D0F11",
    "DisplayName": "test",
    "AcceptLanguage": "zh-CN",
    "AkProxySuffix": "ram",
    "UserPrincipalName": "test@189217171671****.onaliyun.com",
    "HostId": "ims-share.aliyuncs.com"
  },
  "sourceIpAddress": "192.168.XX.XX",
  "userAgent": "ram.console.aliyun.com",
  "eventType": "ApiCall",
  "referencedResources": {
    "ACS::RAM::User": [
      "test@189217171671****.onaliyun.com"
    ]
  },
  "userIdentity": {
    "sessionContext": {
      "attributes": {
        "mfaAuthenticated": "false",
        "creationDate": "2021-08-05T06:44:37Z"
      }
    },
    "accountId": "189217171671****",
    "principalId": "26135379175722****",
    "type": "ram-user",
    "userName": "Alice"
  },
  "serviceName": "Ims",
  "additionalEventData": {
    "Scheme": "http",
    "CallerBid": "26842"
  },
  "apiVersion": "2019-08-15",
  "requestId": "BB774582-E706-5B89-8540-84D9490D0F11",
  "eventTime": "2021-08-05T06:44:37Z",
  "isGlobal": true,
  "acsRegion": "cn-shanghai",
  "eventName": "CreateUser"
}

示例中关键字段含义如下:

  • userIdentity.type:请求者的身份类型。取值为ram-user,表示RAM用户。
  • userIdentity.userName:请求者的RAM用户名称。
  • serviceName:事件相关的阿里云服务名称。取值为Ims,表示IMS。
  • eventName:事件名称。取值为CreateUser,表示创建RAM用户。
  • referencedResources:事件影响的资源列表。取值为{"ACS::RAM::User": ["test@189217171671****.onaliyun.com"]},表示RAM用户test@189217171671****.onaliyun.com
  • eventTime:事件发生的时间(UTC格式)。取值为2021-08-05T06:44:37Z,表示北京时间2021年08月05日14:44:37。

阿里云账号通过AK调用API创建RAM用户

以下示例表示,在北京时间2021年08月05日14:52:21,阿里云账号通过AK LTAI4Fz1ykT4qxgNMvN6****调用CreateUser接口创建了一个RAM用户test@example.onaliyun.com

{
  "eventId": "ED377CCF-2F1E-542D-96E6-25ACD4C866E3",
  "eventVersion": 1,
  "responseElements": {
    "User": {
      "UpdateDate": "2021-08-05T06:52:21Z",
      "Email": "username@example.com",
      "Comments": "",
      "UserId": "23705482814634****",
      "LastLoginDate": "",
      "DisplayName": "test",
      "UserPrincipalName": "test@example.onaliyun.com",
      "CreateDate": "2021-08-05T06:52:21Z",
      "MobilePhone": "1381111****"
    },
    "RequestId": "ED377CCF-2F1E-542D-96E6-25ACD4C866E3"
  },
  "eventSource": "ims.aliyuncs.com",
  "requestParameters": {
    "AcsHost": "ims.aliyuncs.com",
    "AcsProduct": "Ims",
    "RequestId": "ED377CCF-2F1E-542D-96E6-25ACD4C866E3",
    "DisplayName": "test",
    "UserPrincipalName": "test@example.onaliyun.com",
    "HostId": "ims.aliyuncs.com"
  },
  "sourceIpAddress": "192.168.XX.XX",
  "userAgent": "AlibabaCloud (Mac OS X; x86_64) Java/1.8.0_151-b12 tea-util/0.2.6 TeaDSL/1",
  "eventType": "ApiCall",
  "referencedResources": {
    "ACS::RAM::User": [
      "test@example.onaliyun.com"
    ]
  },
  "userIdentity": {
    "accessKeyId": "LTAI4Fz1ykT4qxgNMvN6****",
    "sessionContext": {
      "attributes": {
        "mfaAuthenticated": "false",
        "creationDate": "2021-08-05T06:52:21Z"
      }
    },
    "accountId": "121410627017****",
    "principalId": "29041080637456****",
    "type": "ram-user",
    "userName": "Alice"
  },
  "serviceName": "Ims",
  "additionalEventData": {
    "Scheme": "https",
    "CallerBid": "26842"
  },
  "apiVersion": "2019-08-15",
  "requestId": "ED377CCF-2F1E-542D-96E6-25ACD4C866E3",
  "eventTime": "2021-08-05T06:52:21Z",
  "isGlobal": true,
  "acsRegion": "cn-shanghai",
  "eventName": "CreateUser"
}

示例中关键字段含义如下:

  • userIdentity.accessKeyId:发起API调用的AccessKey ID。取值为LTAI4Fz1ykT4qxgNMvN6****
  • userIdentity.principalId:AK所属的账号ID。取值为29041080637456****
  • userIdentity.type:请求者的身份类型。取值为ram-user,表示RAM用户。
  • serviceName:事件相关的阿里云服务名称。取值为Ims,表示IMS。
  • eventName:事件名称。取值为CreateUser,表示创建RAM用户。
  • referencedResources:事件影响的资源列表。取值为{"ACS::RAM::User": ["test@example.onaliyun.com"]},表示RAM用户test@example.onaliyun.com
  • eventTime:事件发生的时间(UTC格式)。取值为2021-08-05T06:52:21Z,表示北京时间2021年08月05日14:52:21。

RAM用户通过角色扮演创建RAM用户

以下示例表示,在北京时间2021年08月05日14:50:12,阿里云账号189217171671****中的RAM用户通过扮演自己账号下的ram-role角色创建了一个RAM用户test@189217171671****.onaliyun.com

{
  "eventId": "7831E25F-2AAF-522B-A6A8-228ED41396C0",
  "eventVersion": 1,
  "responseElements": {
    "User": {
      "UpdateDate": "2021-08-05T06:50:12Z",
      "Email": "username@example.com",
      "Comments": "",
      "UserId": "20560232814621****",
      "LastLoginDate": "",
      "DisplayName": "test",
      "UserPrincipalName": "test@189217171671****.onaliyun.com",
      "CreateDate": "2021-08-05T06:50:12Z",
      "MobilePhone": "1381111****"
    },
    "RequestId": "7831E25F-2AAF-522B-A6A8-228ED41396C0"
  },
  "eventSource": "ims-share.aliyuncs.com",
  "requestParameters": {
    "stsTokenPrincipalName": "ram-role/roleTest123",
    "charset": "UTF-8",
    "AcsHost": "ims-share.aliyuncs.com",
    "AcsProduct": "Ims",
    "RequestId": "7831E25F-2AAF-522B-A6A8-228ED41396C0",
    "DisplayName": "test",
    "AcceptLanguage": "zh-CN",
    "AkProxySuffix": "ram",
    "UserPrincipalName": "test@189217171671****.onaliyun.com",
    "HostId": "ims-share.aliyuncs.com",
    "stsTokenPlayerUid": 189217171671****
  },
  "sourceIpAddress": "Internal",
  "userAgent": "ram.console.aliyun.com",
  "eventType": "ApiCall",
  "referencedResources": {
    "ACS::RAM::User": [
      "test@189217171671****.onaliyun.com"
    ]
  },
  "userIdentity": {
    "accessKeyId": "STS.NTGje1eLLVFMNcgRsLVic****",
    "sessionContext": {
      "attributes": {
        "mfaAuthenticated": "false",
        "creationDate": "2021-08-05T06:50:12Z"
      }
    },
    "accountId": "189217171671****",
    "principalId": "37177545076791****:roleTest123",
    "type": "assumed-role",
    "userName": "ram-role:roleTest123"
  },
  "serviceName": "Ims",
  "additionalEventData": {
    "Scheme": "http",
    "CallerBid": "26842"
  },
  "apiVersion": "2019-08-15",
  "requestId": "7831E25F-2AAF-522B-A6A8-228ED41396C0",
  "eventTime": "2021-08-05T06:50:12Z",
  "isGlobal": true,
  "acsRegion": "cn-shanghai",
  "eventName": "CreateUser"
}

示例中关键字段含义如下:

  • userIdentity.type:请求者的身份类型。取值为assumed-role,表示RAM角色。
  • userIdentity.userName:请求者的用户名。格式为{roleName}:{sessionName}roleName表示被扮演的角色名称,sessionName表示进行角色扮演时指定的名称。取值为ram-role:roleTest123,表示被扮演的RAM角色名称是ram-role,进行角色扮演时指定的名称为roleTest123
  • requestParameters.stsTokenPlayerUid:扮演者的阿里云账号ID。取值为189217171671****
  • referencedResources:事件影响的资源列表。取值为{"ACS::RAM::User": ["test@189217171671****.onaliyun.com"]},表示RAM用户test@189217171671****.onaliyun.com
  • serviceName:事件相关的阿里云服务名称。取值为Ims,表示IMS。
  • eventName:事件名称。取值为CreateUser,表示创建RAM用户。
  • eventTime:事件发生的时间(UTC格式)。取值为2021-08-05T06:50:12Z,表示北京时间2021年08月05日14:50:12。