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授权信息

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访问控制(RAM)是阿里云提供的管理用户身份与资源访问权限的服务。使用RAM可以让您避免与其他用户共享阿里云账号密钥,并可按需为用户授予最小权限。RAM中使用权限策略描述授权的具体内容。
本文为您介绍负载均衡(SLB)为RAM权限策略定义的操作(Action)、资源(Resource)和条件(Condition)。负载均衡(SLB)的RAM代码(RamCode)为slb,支持的授权粒度为RESOURCE

权限策略通用结构

权限策略支持JSON格式,其通用结构如下:
{
  "Version": "1",
  "Statement": [
    {
      "Effect": "<Effect>",
      "Action": "<Action>",
      "Resource": "<Resource>",
      "Condition": {
        "<Condition_operator>": {
          "<Condition_key>": [
            "<Condition_value>"
          ]
        }
      }
    }
  ]
}
各字段含义如下:
  • Effect:权限策略效果。取值:Allow(允许)、Deny(拒绝)。
  • Action:授予允许或拒绝权限的具体操作。具体信息,请参见操作(Action)
  • Resource:受操作影响的具体对象,您可以使用资源ARN来描述指定资源。具体信息,请参见资源(Resource)
  • Condition:指授权生效的条件。可选字段。具体信息,请参见条件(Condition)
    • Condition_operator:条件运算符,不同类型的条件对应不同的条件运算符。具体信息,请参见权限策略基本元素
    • Condition_key:条件关键字。
    • Condition_value:条件关键字对应的值。

操作(Action)

下表是负载均衡(SLB)定义的操作,这些操作可以在RAM权限策略语句的Action元素中使用,用来授予执行该操作的权限。下面对表中的具体项提供说明:
  • 操作:是指具体的权限点。
  • API:是指操作对应的API接口。
  • 访问级别:是指每个操作的访问级别,取值为写入(Write)、读取(Read)或列出(List)。
  • 资源类型:是指操作中支持授权的资源类型。具体说明如下:
    • 对于必选的资源类型,用背景高亮的方式表示。
    • 对于不支持资源级授权的操作,用全部资源表示。
  • 条件关键字:是指云产品自身定义的条件关键字。该列不体现适用于任何操作的通用条件关键字
  • 关联操作:是指成功执行操作所需要的其他权限。操作者必须同时具备关联操作的权限,操作才能成功。
操作API访问级别资源类型条件关键字关联操作
slb:AddAccessControlListEntryAddAccessControlListEntryWrite
acl
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:acl/{#aclId}
slb:tag
slb:AclName
slb:AddBackendServersAddBackendServersWrite
全部资源
*
slb:AddListenerWhiteListItemAddListenerWhiteListItemWrite
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:AddTagsAddTagsWrite
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/*
slb:tag
slb:AddVServerGroupBackendServersAddVServerGroupBackendServersWrite
全部资源
*
slb:CreateAccessControlListCreateAccessControlListWrite
AccessControlList
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:acl/*
slb:CreateDomainExtensionCreateDomainExtensionWrite
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:CreateLoadBalancerCreateLoadBalancerWrite
LoadBalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/*
slb:AddressType
slb:CreateLoadBalancerHTTPListenerCreateLoadBalancerHTTPListenerWrite
acl
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:acl/{#aclId}
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:CreateLoadBalancerHTTPSListenerCreateLoadBalancerHTTPSListenerWrite
acl
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:acl/{#aclId}
certificate
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:certificate/{#certificateId}
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:CreateLoadBalancerTCPListenerCreateLoadBalancerTCPListenerWrite
AccessControlList
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:acl/{#AclId}
LoadBalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#LoadBalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:CreateLoadBalancerUDPListenerCreateLoadBalancerUDPListenerWrite
acl
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:acl/{#aclId}
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:CreateMasterSlaveServerGroupCreateMasterSlaveServerGroupWrite
全部资源
*
slb:tag
slb:CreateRulesCreateRulesWrite
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:CreateTLSCipherPolicyCreateTLSCipherPolicyWrite
TLSPolicy
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:tlspolicy/*
slb:CreateVServerGroupCreateVServerGroupWrite
全部资源
*
slb:tag
slb:DeleteAccessControlListDeleteAccessControlListWrite
acl
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:acl/{#aclId}
slb:tag
slb:AclName
slb:DeleteAccessLogsDownloadAttributeDeleteAccessLogsDownloadAttributeWrite
LoadBalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#LoadBalancerId}
slb:DeleteCACertificateDeleteCACertificateWrite
certificate
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:certificate/{#certificateId}
slb:tag
slb:DeleteDomainExtensionDeleteDomainExtensionWrite
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:DeleteLoadBalancerDeleteLoadBalancerWrite
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:DeleteLoadBalancerListenerDeleteLoadBalancerListenerWrite
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:DeleteMasterSlaveServerGroupDeleteMasterSlaveServerGroupWrite
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:DeleteRulesDeleteRulesWrite
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:DeleteServerCertificateDeleteServerCertificateWrite
certificate
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:certificate/{#certificateId}
slb:tag
slb:DeleteTLSCipherPolicyDeleteTLSCipherPolicyWrite
TLSPolicy
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:tlspolicy/{#TLSCipherPolicyId}
slb:DeleteVServerGroupDeleteVServerGroupWrite
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:DescribeAccessControlListAttributeDescribeAccessControlListAttributeRead
acl
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:acl/{#aclId}
slb:tag
slb:DescribeAccessControlListsDescribeAccessControlListsList
全部资源
*
slb:tag
slb:DescribeAccessLogsDownloadAttributeDescribeAccessLogsDownloadAttributeRead
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/*
slb:DescribeCACertificatesDescribeCACertificatesList
全部资源
*
slb:tag
slb:DescribeDomainExtensionAttributeDescribeDomainExtensionAttributeRead
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:DescribeDomainExtensionsDescribeDomainExtensionsRead
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:DescribeHealthStatusDescribeHealthStatusRead
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:DescribeHighDefinationMonitorDescribeHighDefinationMonitorRead
LoadBalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/*
slb:DescribeListenerAccessControlAttributeDescribeListenerAccessControlAttributeRead
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:DescribeLoadBalancerAttributeDescribeLoadBalancerAttributeRead
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:DescribeLoadBalancerHTTPListenerAttributeDescribeLoadBalancerHTTPListenerAttributeRead
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:DescribeLoadBalancerHTTPSListenerAttributeDescribeLoadBalancerHTTPSListenerAttributeRead
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:DescribeLoadBalancerListenersDescribeLoadBalancerListenersRead
LoadBalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#LoadBalancerId}
slb:DescribeLoadBalancerTCPListenerAttributeDescribeLoadBalancerTCPListenerAttributeRead
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:DescribeLoadBalancerUDPListenerAttributeDescribeLoadBalancerUDPListenerAttributeRead
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:DescribeLoadBalancersDescribeLoadBalancersRead
LoadBalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#LoadBalancerId}
slb:DescribeMasterSlaveServerGroupAttributeDescribeMasterSlaveServerGroupAttributeRead
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:DescribeMasterSlaveServerGroupsDescribeMasterSlaveServerGroupsRead
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:DescribeRuleAttributeDescribeRuleAttributeRead
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:DescribeRulesDescribeRulesRead
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:DescribeServerCertificatesDescribeServerCertificatesList
ServerCertificate
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#AccountId}:certificate/*
slb:tag
slb:DescribeTagsDescribeTagsRead
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/*
slb:DescribeVServerGroupAttributeDescribeVServerGroupAttributeRead
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:DescribeVServerGroupsDescribeVServerGroupsRead
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:EnableHighDefinationMonitorEnableHighDefinationMonitorWrite
LoadBalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/*
slb:ListTLSCipherPoliciesListTLSCipherPoliciesList
TLSPolicy
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#AccountId}:tlspolicy/*
slb:ListTagResourcesListTagResourcesRead
acl
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:acl/{#aclId}
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
ServerCertificate
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#AccountId}:certificate/{#ServerCertificateId}
CaCertificate
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#AccountId}:certificate/{#CaCertificateId}
slb:tag
slb:ModifyHighDefinationMonitorModifyHighDefinationMonitorWrite
LoadBalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/*
slb:ModifyLoadBalancerInstanceChargeTypeModifyLoadBalancerInstanceChargeTypeWrite
LoadBalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:ModifyLoadBalancerInstanceSpecModifyLoadBalancerInstanceSpecWrite
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:ModifyLoadBalancerInternetSpecModifyLoadBalancerInternetSpecWrite
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:ModifyLoadBalancerPayTypeModifyLoadBalancerPayTypeWrite
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:ModifyVServerGroupBackendServersModifyVServerGroupBackendServersWrite
instance
acs:ecs:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:MoveResourceGroupMoveResourceGroupWrite
全部资源
*
slb:RemoveAccessControlListEntryRemoveAccessControlListEntryWrite
acl
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:acl/{#aclId}
slb:tag
slb:AclName
slb:RemoveBackendServersRemoveBackendServersWrite
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
ecs:tag
slb:tag
slb:RemoveListenerWhiteListItemRemoveListenerWhiteListItemWrite
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:RemoveTagsRemoveTagsWrite
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/*
slb:tag
slb:RemoveVServerGroupBackendServersRemoveVServerGroupBackendServersWrite
instance
acs:ecs:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:SetAccessControlListAttributeSetAccessControlListAttributeWrite
acl
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:acl/{#aclId}
slb:tag
slb:AclName
slb:SetAccessLogsDownloadAttributeSetAccessLogsDownloadAttributeWrite
全部资源
*
slb:SetBackendServersSetBackendServersWrite
instance
acs:ecs:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:instance/{#instanceId}
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
ecs:tag
slb:tag
slb:SetCACertificateNameSetCACertificateNameWrite
certificate
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:certificate/{#certificateId}
slb:tag
slb:SetDomainExtensionAttributeSetDomainExtensionAttributeWrite
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:SetListenerAccessControlStatusSetListenerAccessControlStatusWrite
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:SetLoadBalancerDeleteProtectionSetLoadBalancerDeleteProtectionWrite
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:SetLoadBalancerHTTPListenerAttributeSetLoadBalancerHTTPListenerAttributeWrite
acl
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:acl/{#aclId}
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:SetLoadBalancerHTTPSListenerAttributeSetLoadBalancerHTTPSListenerAttributeWrite
acl
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:acl/{#aclId}
certificate
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:certificate/{#certificateId}
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:SetLoadBalancerModificationProtectionSetLoadBalancerModificationProtectionWrite
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:SetLoadBalancerNameSetLoadBalancerNameWrite
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:SetLoadBalancerStatusSetLoadBalancerStatusWrite
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:SetLoadBalancerTCPListenerAttributeSetLoadBalancerTCPListenerAttributeWrite
acl
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:acl/{#aclId}
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:SetLoadBalancerUDPListenerAttributeSetLoadBalancerUDPListenerAttributeWrite
acl
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:acl/{#aclId}
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:SetRuleSetRuleWrite
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:SetServerCertificateNameSetServerCertificateNameWrite
certificate
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:certificate/{#certificateId}
slb:tag
slb:SetTLSCipherPolicyAttributeSetTLSCipherPolicyAttributeWrite
TLSPolicy
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:tlspolicy/{#InstanceId}
slb:SetVServerGroupAttributeSetVServerGroupAttributeWrite
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:StartLoadBalancerListenerStartLoadBalancerListenerWrite
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:StopLoadBalancerListenerStopLoadBalancerListenerWrite
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:TagResourcesTagResourcesWrite
acl
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:acl/{#aclId}
certificate
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:certificate/{#certificateId}
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:UntagResourcesUntagResourcesWrite
acl
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:acl/{#aclId}
certificate
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:certificate/{#certificateId}
loadbalancer
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#loadbalancerId}
slb:tag
slb:UploadCACertificateUploadCACertificateWrite
CaCertificate
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#AccountId}:certificate/*
slb:UploadServerCertificateUploadServerCertificateWrite
certificate
acs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:certificate/*

资源(Resource)

下表是负载均衡(SLB)定义的资源,这些资源可以在RAM权限策略语句的Resource元素中使用,用来授予对该资源执行具体操作的权限。 其中,资源ARN是资源在阿里云上的唯一标识。具体说明如下:
  • {#}为变量标识,需要您替换为实际值。例如:{#ramcode}需要您替换为实际的云服务RAM代码。
  • *表示全部。例如:
    • {#resourceType}*时:表示全部资源。
    • {#regionId}*时:表示全部地域。
    • {#accountId}*时:表示全部阿里云账号。
资源类型资源ARN
AccessControlListacs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:accesscontrollist/{#AclId}
LoadBalanceracs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:loadbalancer/{#LoadBalancerId}
TLSPolicyacs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:tlspolicy/{#InstanceId}
ServerCertificateacs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:servercertificate/{#ServerCertificateId}
CaCertificateacs:slb:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:cacertificate/{#CaCertificateId}

条件(Condition)

下表是负载均衡(SLB)定义的产品级条件关键字,这些条件关键字可以在RAM权限策略语句的Condition元素中使用,用来描述授予权限的条件。以下仅列举产品级的条件关键字,阿里云定义的通用条件关键字也同样适用负载均衡(SLB)
其中,数据类型决定了您可以使用哪些条件运算符将请求中的值与权限策略语句中的值进行比较。您必须使用与数据类型匹配的条件运算符,否则无法匹配策略语句,授权行为无效。数据类型与条件运算符的对应关系,请参见条件操作类型
条件关键字描述类型
slb:tagSLB的标签,自2023年05月01日起不再维护,推荐使用全局条件键acs:RequestTag、acs:ResourceTagString
slb:AddressType传统型负载均衡的网络地址类型String
slb:AclName访问控制策略组名称,示例值:test1String

相关操作

您可以创建自定义权限策略,并将权限策略授予RAM用户、RAM用户组或RAM角色。具体操作如下:
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